Hypothyroidism physicians characterize as a symptom complex, which develops in response to congenital or acquired disorders of thyroid gland thyroid hormone production. With congenital hypothyroidism, a person is already born, and the recovery of thyroid hormones is required from birth. Acquired hypothyroidism can develop as a consequence of surgical treatment of thyroid diseases. In addition, hypothyroidism can be primary and secondary: in the first case, the tissue of the gland itself suffers, and secondary hypothyroidism, in turn, becomes the body's response to the lesions of the hypothalamic-pituitary system responsible for the thyroid gland function.
It is known that serious diseases are associated with the synthesis and functions of hormones, with pregnancy by and large are not compatible. The same can be said about hypothyroidism: the lack of thyroid hormones in the body of a woman can lead to significant complications in pregnancy and will result in the birth of an inferior child. If this does not happen spontaneous abortion, the risk of which when combined hypothyroidism and pregnancy is very, very high.
A sad fact is that hypothyroid physicians are often called a woman's disease: in women of the fair half of humanity, it occurs 20 times more often than men. And this is doubly insulting, because often hypothyroidism and pregnancy doctors qualify as incompatible concepts, insist on abortion and prescribe emergency treatment with hormones. But the treatment of hypothyroidism is a necessary measure: first for normal conception, and then for the maximum natural development of the baby. By and large, pregnancy against a background of hypothyroidism occurs quite rarely: with a deficiency of thyroid hormones, fertility is significantly reduced. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are characteristic swelling of the face, weakness and lethargy, decreased efficiency, depression, decreased attention and memory, intelligence, joint pain and possible muscle cramps. Signs of hypothyroidism are also violations of the cycle of menstruation and a decrease in reproductive function, which gives grounds to say that hypothyroidism and pregnancy rarely go hand in hand.
If there is a deficiency in the body of a woman thyroid hormones, doctors prescribe mandatory therapy for hypothyroidism. In case a woman is set up for pregnancy in the future, treatment becomes an absolute necessity: a deficiency of thyroid hormones affects the development of the fetus negatively. Thus, with hypothyroidism, the mother retains the risk of miscarriage, premature birth or stillbirth throughout the entire pregnancy, the development of gestosis or iron-deficiency anemia (also referred to as thyroidal). Lack of thyroid hormones can affect the baby, which for normal development requires all nutrients, vitamins and trace elements. So, hypothyroidism in a pregnant woman can be negatively reflected in the internal development of the fetus, slow down its growth, provoke the development of pathologies and deformities, detrimentally affect the nervous system.
In order to avoid possible terrible consequences of hypothyroidism for mother and child, a woman suffering from a deficiency of thyroid hormones, both before conception, and during pregnancy, appropriate treatment is needed. It becomes substitution therapy - the use of medicines containing thyroid hormones. To maintain the required level of hormones prescribed drugs levothyroxine (Eutiroks, L-thyroxine), replenishing the lack of natural thyroid hormones. Levothyroxine is also used during pregnancy itself - it does not penetrate the placenta and does not affect the fetus.