The most reliable method of contraception is the absence of sexual life, while all the others are very rare, but they allow "failures". The spiral is no exception, and getting pregnant with it is quite realistic. It is said that for 100 women with an IUD (intrauterine device) there are 2 pregnancies. A lot or a little - it does not matter, much more important, what to do with such a pregnancy and how it can end.
In order to understand why a pregnancy is possible with a spiral, you need to understand how this contraceptive works.
How does the spiral work?
Let's start with the fact that there are two main types of IUDs: copper-containing (but they can also include silver or gold) and hormone-containing (a capsule with progesterone hormone is attached to the usual T-shaped helix from plastic). The latter are more reliable in terms of contraception, since progesterone prevents the fertilization of the egg, standing out exclusively in the uterine cavity in small equal doses.
Copper spirals do not affect the production of sex hormones and the process of ovulation, as they act in a different way:
- The presence of a foreign body in the uterus cavity has a permanent traumatic effect on its walls, as a result of which the implantation of a fertilized egg becomes more complicated.
- The foreign body (spiral) strengthens the contractile activity of the uterus, so the fetal egg is "expelled" in the early lines.
- At the same time, the spiral also increases the contractions of the fallopian tubes, so they accelerate the passage of the fertilized egg into the uterine cavity, and that does not have time to "ripen" before implantation.
- The same active contractility of the uterus and fallopian tubes complicates the progress of spermatozoa, so fertilization may not occur.
- The metals from which the spiral is contained also have a detrimental effect on sperm, that is, they have a spermatoxic effect.
It is clear that there are always deviations from the norm, and it is quite real that a fertilized egg will be stronger than a foreign body and still adhere to the wall of the uterus and begin to develop. Most often this happens in the event that the spiral has shifted or even dropped out unnoticed for a woman. It turns out that a woman quietly hopes for a contraceptive, and at this time a new life is born and develops under her heart.
How to suspect a pregnancy with a spiral?
Firstly, if you have placed yourself in the IUD, you should regularly visit a gynecologist, who will monitor how your spiral lives. Secondly, closely monitor your menstruation and any deviations from your norms should alert you. Thirdly, always remember, that the probability of pregnancy is at least minimal, but still exists, so listen to your body.
Quite often, a fertilized egg, which prevents the helix from attaching to the uterine cavity, is looking for another place. Therefore, so often there are cases of ectopic pregnancy with a spiral. Because it is very difficult to suspect such a pregnancy, it happens that the consequences become very sad. There are many cases where a frozen ectopic pregnancy was detected several months later from its onset with a whole bunch of infectious sores.
Any pregnancy, especially one that managed to "win" a spiral, will make itself felt. Signs of pregnancy, even with a spiral, do not differ much from a normal pregnancy, even to the point that they may not even be. However, the pain or rubbing in the lower abdomen, the cessation of menstrual bleeding, increased fatigue and drowsiness, nausea or dizziness, loss or appearance of appetite should be the reason for contacting a specialist.
What should I do if my pregnancy is confirmed?
Only a doctor can confirm the pregnancy with a spiral. He also offers two simple options for getting out of this situation: abortion or childbirth. Previously, such an "unexpected" pregnancy has always been an indication for an artificial interruption, but today it is not at all an occasion to kill one's own crumbs. But is it really possible to endure a baby and give birth to him with a spiral? The experience of foreign medicine shows that if the organism does not "fertilize" a fertilized egg, even absolutely healthy children are born with a spiral.
Doctors recommend in the case, if pregnancy is confirmed, take a wait and see attitude. The displaced spiral hardly injures the embryo, and soon, when it gets stronger, it also pushes out the spiral. It often happens that in the middle of pregnancy the spiral itself falls out.
At the same time, many doctors recommend removing the spiral in the presence of pregnancy, if, of course, freely hanging threads of the spiral are clearly visible, then remove the spiral easier without harm to the future fetus. They explain this by the fact that those very threads are an open gate for infections with which the "pregnant" organism can cope much more difficultly.
The same women who have experienced a pregnancy with a spiral, share usually positive impressions. Fortunately, most often even in such conditions, babies develop and are born absolutely healthy.
Whatever the case, but pregnancy and a spiral is a difficult combination and no woman alone can cope with the course of such a pregnancy. Only an experienced specialist can advise what is acceptable specifically for your body. However, no one wants to rely solely on medicine in our time, and more and more often a woman listens to her intuition. If the news of pregnancy has become for you though an unexpected, but a pleasant surprise, then do not throw this gift of fate.
Believe and you will succeed!