What is called the norm?
It is considered that the pressure during pregnancy should not be lower than 90/60 and not higher than 140/90.
As we said, you need to check it every day. To do this, you need to purchase a modern electronic tonometer. Such a device automatically measures the pulse and blood pressure, memorizing the indicators, which makes it possible to compare them. We do not recommend buying old-type instruments, since without experience, you can incorrectly measure pressure.
Low blood pressure during pregnancy
Low blood pressure is called hypotension. At the beginning of pregnancy it is manifested in many women by nausea, weakness, drowsiness, ringing in the ears, dizziness, shortness of breath. Especially, these sensations increase after a night's sleep. By the way, frequent mood swings in women waiting for babies, are caused by a decrease in pressure. If the pregnant woman has a sharp decrease in pressure, a dangerous situation arises, in which the fetus does not receive the necessary substances, and placental insufficiency develops. And this is the direct way to a miscarriage.
What should I do to increase the pressure? First, you need to pay special attention to the diet, which must necessarily contain berries, fruits and vegetables. Particularly useful in this case are black currants, lemons, carrots, beef liver, butter, caviar. Good increases in blood pressure strong black and green tea.
Women with low blood pressure are not allowed to take hot baths. It is also dangerous for them to stay in stuffy rooms. Especially important for pregnant hypotension is a proper rest and sleep, the duration of which should not be less than 10 hours. Do not neglect daytime sleep. Point massage of certain points (for example, between the nose and upper lip in the middle of the furrow, between the chin and lower lip in the center of the fold or on the little finger at the root of the nail) will help increase the pressure. To do this, you need to massage the named points, and finish the massage by "kneading" the tips of each finger on both hands.
Increased pressure during pregnancy
Increased pressure is called hypertension. As a result of this condition, headaches, noise in the ears may occur. Often there is bleeding from the nose, heaviness in the legs. The cause of increased blood pressure during pregnancy are changes, occurring in the body of a future mother. Mainly, it arises as a result of increased blood circulation, while its volume remains unchanged. Especially often the tendency to increased pressure occurs in the second half of pregnancy, when the volume of blood increases by a liter. In this state, an increase of 5-15 units is considered the norm, but the big difference is the alarm signal.
In the case of increased, just like with low blood pressure, it is necessary to revise the diet of the pregnant woman. The use of natural birch or beet juice will be useful.
Cranberry mousse helps to lower arterial blood pressure. To do this, take 1/3 cup of cranberries, rinse and squeeze the juice. Pancakes need to be poured a glass of boiling water and put on a slow fire. But not for long - five minutes. After this you need to strain. In the resulting broth, add one tablespoon of semolina and continue cooking for twenty minutes. Do not forget to stir constantly. After add a few spoons of sugar, bring to a boil and turn off the hotplate. When the mass cools down, beat it with a mixer to make it light pink, while slowly add cranberry juice, which must first be cooled in the refrigerator.
But from strong tea, coffee and even chocolate, pregnant women with high blood pressure will have to give up. These products increase the already high blood pressure.
You can massage. To do this, you need to press on the point, which is located on the midline of the abdomen immediately under the sternum. You need to do this at the same time as an index, middle and ring fingers of both hands. After 10 seconds, release and repeat again. In total it is necessary to make 10 such pressure.
You can also press the thumb pad of the right hand to the point located in the back of the occipital fossa. This is the place where the spine is attached to the head. Also, counting to 10, you need to stop the impact. Enough twice.