Why do constipations occur during pregnancy?
Constipation can be said when bowel evacuation did not occur for at least three days. As a rule, in all pregnant women, constipation is accompanied by abdominal pain, which most often occur in the left half. In feces can be seen streaks of blood. In some cases, there may be a burning sensation in the rectum, as well as an itch in the anus. Other possible symptoms: nausea, bitterness in the mouth, rumbling in the abdomen, swelling.
There is not only one cause that causes constipation. Let's consider the main ones.
The fact that during pregnancy there is a reorganization of different systems of the body, which adapts to a new status, everyone knows. Actually this is for the intestines. Because of the growing fetus, internal organs, including the intestines, are squeezed. This is especially active in the second half of pregnancy. This causes a violation of the outflow of blood, as well as the occurrence of venous stasis, which can lead to hemorrhoids and constipation.
Another reason - relaxation of the muscles of the internal organs, which occurs during pregnancy. In order not to miscarry, nature took care of and launched in the body the mechanism of producing certain hormones that relax the muscles of the uterus and other organs. "Side effect" of this was "laziness" of the intestines, which for the period of bearing the baby is observed weakening of contractile activity. As a result, the pregnant woman has difficulty with the stool. Constipation occurs.
For obvious reasons for the development of constipation in women in the "position", it is necessary to include hormonal changes. The fact is that under the influence of progesterone (the main hormone of pregnancy) the digestive process slows down noticeably.
Well, and one more, at first glance seeming not entirely believable, the reason lies in the psychological state of a woman. Almost all (except for one) pregnant women are very emotional, are subject to stress and various, often unreasonable fears. Experts have established that these conditions also provoke difficulties with evacuation.
Whatever the constipation is caused by - you can not let everything go by itself. It is necessary to contact your obstetrician-gynecologist and talk about the delicate problem. As a rule, pregnant women are advised not only with health workers, but also with friends or strangers in various forums. Often, in the latter case, you can meet tips to drink Senad. Is it worth it while waiting for the baby?
What do you need to know about the medicinal product of the Senate?
Senad is a laxative remedy, produced in tablet form. Tablets of Senad have a brown or dark brown color with insignificant impregnations. Senade is considered to be a herbal preparation, since these tablets contain an extract of senna leaves holly.
In fact, pregnant women are not recommended to take laxatives, because there is a risk of termination of pregnancy. This applies even to those funds that are classified as non-violent.
Senadis is prescribed to patients with such diagnoses: constipation (if they are caused by a weak peristalsis (contraction) of the colon and hypotension), hemorrhoids, proctitis, atonic constipation, anal fissures.
The following conditions refer to contra-indications to admission of the Senada:
- spastic constipation;
- abdominal pain of unclear origin;
- intestinal obstruction;
- strangulated hernia;
- acute inflammatory diseases of the abdominal cavity;
- Gastrointestinal and uterine bleeding;
- violations of water-electrolyte exchange;
- Hypersensitivity to the components of this drug.
Senada during pregnancy: instruction
According to the instruction, the Senade promotes stimulation of the peristalsis of the large intestine. The duration of the drug is 8-10 hours. It is at the end of this time that a laxative effect occurs. In addition, the Senad has a selective effect on the colon, normalizes bowel function, does not affect digestion and is not addictive.
The composition includes lactose, starch, microcrystalline cellulose, talc, sodium lauryl sulfate, magnesium stearate, methyl parahydroxybenzoate, carmellose sodium.
The Senate is sold in cardboard packs (2 and 3 blisters) or boxes (25 blisters). One blister contains 20 tablets. It is dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription. Keep this medication in a dry place inaccessible to children. The storage temperature should not exceed 30 А C. C.
Senad, like other laxatives, helps to reduce the smooth muscles of the intestine, and there is a very real possibility of contraction of the uterus. The preparation is taken inside. As a rule, one reception per day is enough. Take it better immediately before going to bed, washing down with water. In this case, the expected effect is achieved by the morning, and the person is not afraid of unexpected "surprises" during the working day. If the effect of admission is not available, the dose is recommended to be increased to two or even three tablets. But the dose should be increased only after several days of taking this drug, and then not immediately, but gradually, increasing by 1/2 tablet. If the problem is not solved even after increasing the dose and for three days nothing happens, then it is urgent to tell your doctor about it. In general, the Senada is not recommended for use for more than two weeks.
In the case of an overdose of Senade tablets, symptoms such as diarrhea (diarrhea) are noted. The danger in this case is dehydration of the body. If there are symptoms of overdose, it is necessary to compensate for the loss of fluid and electrolytes.
If a pregnant woman for some reason has to take other medications, you need to inform your doctor about it. The fact is that they can weaken or, conversely, strengthen each other's action. The second case is more dangerous than the first, when the therapeutic effect is simply reduced, because there is a risk of receiving an overdose or poisoning. Side effects that occur when taking Senad tablets during pregnancy may include: colicky abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (diarrhea), seizures, fatigue, confusion, cutaneous rash. If the drug has been used for a fairly long period of time and / or in large quantities, then there may be side effects such as water-electrolyte metabolism disorders, albuminuria, hematuria, melanin deposition in the intestinal mucosa, and urine discoloration. A pregnant woman should not be afraid and panic if, on the background of applying the Senate, she noticed a change in the color of urine. It turns out that the color can acquire a yellow-brown or even a red-lilac color!
The huge advantage of this drug is that it does not cause habituation, and in the subsequent, after the end of the course of treatment, its effect is not replaced by the development of subsequent constipation. But according to the instructions, during pregnancy, as well as during breastfeeding, the medicinal preparation of the Senad is prescribed with some caution. Therefore, a pregnant woman taking the drug, if there was an urgent need, you can try with quarters tablets. If it helps - great. If not, you can slightly increase the dose. But the most correct solution will be going to the doctor and working with him to find a way out of this situation.