Shoes during pregnancy

What kind of shoes to wear to pregnant women?

Where is the danger? If you wear heels, then:

  • the support point changes: instead of the whole foot, the body weight is transferred only to the heads of the metatarsal bones. This not only does not promote good stability, but also adversely affects the ligaments of the foot and ankle joint;
  • the load on the spine changes: the lumbar flexion increases, and therefore the center of gravity is shifted forward;
  • muscles of the legs, pelvis and lumbar spine are straining;
  • because of the increasing abdomen, the center of gravity is shifting more and more forward. Therefore, trying to return the previous position to the spine, the future mother has to lean back when walking. The higher the heel, the harder it is to do;
  • The ligaments, including the ligaments of the feet (due to hormonal changes), become more loose and expandable in their structure, which means that the risk of injury increases;
  • increases the load on the muscles and vessels of the legs, resulting in increased risk of developing varicose veins;
  • during pregnancy the displacement of the center of gravity is aggravated. In turn, this leads to an even more protrusion of the abdomen and, as a consequence, to overgrowth of muscles and skin;
  • Due to the displacement of the abdomen and the strengthening of the lumbar spine of the spine, the position of the uterus changes, as a result of which the fetus may not occupy the correct vertical position;
  • the risk of dislocations and dislocations of the vertebrae increases, fatigue increases, edema of the legs, pain in the lower back and cramps of the calf muscles.

If before the pregnancy you suffered from such diseases as flatfoot, varicose veins, then, standing on high heels, you will only aggravate their course.

But do not go into the other extreme - just give up the heels. You can not walk in shoes on a completely flat sole for the same reasons: "loose" ligaments, increasing your weight, pressure on the vessels and leg muscles can cause flat feet and varicose veins, the development of seizures.

The best option: wear stable shoes with a low heel - 3-5 cm.

You can not walk in badly buttoned or not fastened shoes, sandals that can fall off your feet and provoke a dislocation . The underlay should not be completely flat and smooth, so as not to slip on a smooth floor.

Shoes with orthopedic inserts that correct the center of gravity, which helps to relieve the condition with swelling of the legs and back pain, are very convenient during pregnancy.

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