Short and spermogram
A spermogram is a medical examination for the purpose of studying and analyzing the semen of a man. Sperma in Greek means "seed", gramma means "record". I.e, Spermogram is a detailed analysis, which includes the physical, chemical properties and cellular composition of sperm. Such an analysis makes it possible for specialists in reproductive medicine to draw conclusions about fertility (the ability to fertilize a female egg) of a man.
What do the indicators of this analysis say? How they are treated by doctors:
- The amount of ejaculate. Normally it is 2-5 ml. With a sperm volume of less than 2 ml, that is, a low amount of seminal fluid, there is reason to talk about difficulties with fertilization of the egg. The cause of the violation is often that there are few components in the ejaculate. For example, the secretion of the prostate gland with enzymes and nutrients is not enough.
- Color. Normally, it should be grayish-white. When the sperm is colorless, this may indicate an insufficient number of spermatozoa. Transparent color indicates that there are no spermatozoa at all. The yellowish color indicates the presence of pathologies, possibly the presence of pus. And when the color of the sperm is pink or red, it means there is blood in it.
- Acidity (pH). Normally, this index is 7, 2-7, 4. The change in pH affects the mobility of germ cells. If in the body of a man there is an inflammatory process, infectious diseases, then the seminal fluid becomes more acidic. When a man is sick with diabetes mellitus, the pH is reduced. Sperm alkalinization occurs with severe dysfunction of the prostate gland.
- Sperm liquefaction time. Normally, this figure is 20-30 minutes. It is necessary to know that after ejaculation the sperm is in a viscous state. Then it liquefies. It is this process that facilitates the movement of spermatozoa to the egg. When the time of liquefaction of the sperm is reduced, it is not very scary. Worse, if it increases. This prevents the spermatozoa from separating from each other and achieving their goal.
- The number of spermatozoa. In 1 ml of sperm in the norm should be from 20 to 120 million cells. Below this indicator is lower and the chances of conception. If the number of spermatozoa exceeds the above norm, this is bad. After all, then it is difficult for spermatozoa to reach the ovum. This is a kind of competition, when everyone loses. By the way, the total number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate should be from 40 to 600 million.
- Mobility. An important characteristic of spermatozoa. The thing is, that not all spermatozoa are equally mobile. They, like human temperaments, are choleric, and are also melancholic. Normally, in a healthy male actively mobile spermatozoa should be 60-70%, sluggish - 10-15% and immovable maximum 25%.
- Pathological forms of spermatozoa. If there are more than 50%, then you need to sound an alarm.
- Leukocytes. They are normal in sperm should be up to 10 in the field of view. Leukocytes enter the semen from the prostate and testes. If there are too many leukocytes in the sperm, then this indicates the presence of an inflammatory process.
- Spermagglutination. Agglutination means the gluing of spermatozoa. Such adhesion usually happens with inflammation or allergies in men. A healthy spouse should not have spermagglutination.
It should be borne in mind that some indicators of the spermogram (deviations from the norm) can not yet indicate a problem. After all, the spermogram is analyzed in a complex manner. Doctors call this a cross reading of the spermogram.
So, if a man is assigned such an analysis, it must necessarily be done. Reading the results and their interpretation is the task of a specialist who will give recommendations to a man if necessary. Perhaps, this need will not arise.