An unpleasant abnormality in the operation of the gallbladder, which a pregnant woman may encounter, is chronic cholecystitis. This disease occurs due to stagnation of bile or infection: they provoke inflammatory changes in the wall of the gallbladder. Bile stasis is caused by the so-called discenezia - a violation of the excretion of bile from the gallbladder. Again, the cause of this disease is progesterone, which relaxes all smooth muscle organs. It is capable of provoking an insufficient emptying of the gallbladder, as a result of which bile stagnation occurs in this organ. Pain during discenezia appear in the right hypochondrium, give under the right scapula, in the right shoulder and collarbone. Can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, belching, heartburn, a feeling of bitterness in the mouth.
After that, as with the help of ultrasound, the presence of cholecystitis in a pregnant woman will be established, the doctor will be prescribed appropriate treatment. First of all, we are talking about special nutrition and taking cholagogue. With acute pain it is allowed to relieve spasm with spasmolytic drugs. Particular attention should be paid to preventive measures: the treatment of cholecystitis should be carried out not only during the period of exacerbation of the disease. With the proper prevention of a happy child, a woman with a chronic cholecystitis is guaranteed to be born.
It is believed that pregnancy can become one of the risk factors for the formation of gallstones. The occurrence of cholelithiasis during the period of gestation is explained mainly by hormonal changes that occur in the body of a pregnant woman. So, a woman in the position in the body there is an increased level of progesterone, which provokes relaxation of smooth muscles, including, and in the gall bladder. Thus, the secretion of bile is slowed down, resulting in the formation of stones.
The presence of stones in the gallbladder (less often - in the bile ducts) is accompanied by pain in the right hypochondrium, pain can be given to the right shoulder, scapula, neck. The wiggling of the fetus can cause colic. Pain can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, heartburn, bitterness in the mouth. Diagnose cholelithiasis with ultrasound, after which the doctor will advise the pregnant woman to review the diet (first of all to reduce the amount of fatty foods consumed) and prescribe the lightest choleretic preparations. If from time to time the pregnant will be disturbed by pain, admission of painkillers and antispasmodics. If they do not give the proper effect, the doctor will think about the need for an operation. A common method with which the operation to remove the gallbladder is performed today is called laparoscopy. By this method, the gallbladder is removed almost painlessly and without a large incision, the recovery also passes more quickly.