Stress is called the natural reaction of a living organism to an irritant. Some stresses can be classified as "light", arising as a result of minor causes and easily passing. For example, they include lack of sleep, as well as frequent worries about the state of health of the future baby. But sometimes stresses can be very hard, resulting from various events: death of a loved one, adultery, conflict situations at work or at home.
Moreover, the causes of stress can become both physical (cold, hunger, heat, thirst, physical stress) and psychological (treachery, death, deception, resentment, information overload) stimuli. However, the power of stress does not depend on the influence of the stimulus itself, but rather on the woman's reaction to the event itself.
During stress in the blood of a pregnant woman, the level of glucocorticoid hormones increases. Physicians have determined that these hormones directly affect the genes associated with the work of the placenta and liver, and this, in turn, increases the risk of developing diabetes and heart problems that arise in a person in the future. Moreover, people undergoing stress during fetal development, in the future, are born premature babies with low weight.
How harmful is stress during pregnancy? Strangely enough, there is information that moderate stress, on the contrary, has a beneficial effect on the development of the baby. They prepare the woman's body for the upcoming changes. But long and deep stress for the pregnant woman is extremely undesirable. In addition, they lead to rapid fatigue, poor sleep and unimportant well-being of the future mother, there is a risk of complications of pregnancy, including her threat. It has been proven that the impact of severe stress during pregnancy contributes to increased toxicosis, an increase in the number of different diseases, birth defects, and newborn pathologies. By the way, in one of the issues of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a report is published that during stress the organism of a pregnant woman is able to independently produce natural selection. That is, weak and less viable fruits perish. As a rule, these are male embryos. It turns out that the fetus, which under favorable conditions would have a chance to be born, dies under stress. This theory was confirmed by American scientists. If the embryo survives and continues to develop, later a newborn child, whose mother succumbed to frequent and severe stress, some mental disorders are noted. For example, such children are more prone to fear and anxiety, they have a certain delay in mental development.
The mechanism of the impact of stress on the child has not been fully established, but there is information that one of the leading roles is played by the hormone cortisol, produced in large numbers during a stressful situation.
What to do to minimize stress? First, you need to think about the good as often as possible, learn to relax. Secondly, communicate with loved ones and talk about your feelings and experiences: the more you say your problems, the less they will affect you. Third, try to eat right, because many biochemical processes in the body depend on this, which in one way or another affect the mental state. Fourth, do not hold back emotions: neither positive nor negative. Fifth, special attention should be paid to moderate physical exertion and, at the same time, to full rest, as prevention of stressful conditions.