Briefly about the aspects of surrogate motherhood
For women, who unsuccessfully beat the thresholds of clinics and centers in the hope of getting pregnant, This form of motherhood is the only and last chance to have a child, and in a fairly reliable way. In the body of a healthy woman, who is called a surrogate mother, an embryo obtained by fertilizing the spermatozoon of the genetic father of the egg mother of the genetic mother is transferred.
Nine months of a strange woman nurtures a child, in fact, being for him an incubator and not having a relationship with genetic parents. Then, after birth, the baby is considered the child of the couple whose embryo was borne by the surrogate mother. Such a mother can only become a healthy woman in all respects, from 18 to 35 years old, who has her own child (probably not one), born natural way. Married surrogate mothers to provide such services need to have permission from her husband, which is formalized in writing and documented at the notary.
Surrogate motherhood: for and against
The word "surrogate" means an inferior substitute for something. Incompleteness is and is a statement of a non-natural, having a number of two-fold moral aspects of the method of human birth. But is it worth condemning?
European society positively refers to this form of childbirth. And whether to resort to the services of a surrogate mother is up to you.
For the objectivity of making such a decision, one must weigh "for" and "against." Let's start with the latter:
- This form of birth of the baby is unnatural. But in our time there is much not a natural, overcoming illness and giving people the chance to survive. For example, an artificial heart. Man is not to blame, that he can not have children in a natural way, so why not try another?
- Surrogate motherhood (SM) is contrary to the divine plan. It is a question that Christianity and Islam forbid resorting to such a form of appearance of children, because the sacrament of conception is violated. It should only occur in a marriage and bear a child, the spouse must give birth to it.
- Injury of the psyche of a surrogate mother, which must be given to the child from her womb. But by and large she goes on it voluntarily, earning money, and for her it is, in fact, work with the use of her reproductive system. A trauma of the psyche should be prevented at the very beginning and properly adjusted to the final result of pregnancy, its outcome.
- Such motherhood is the sale of children. Yes, surrogate motherhood is, in fact, barter, but the motivation of this transaction mitigates the moral aspect.
- The CM, by and large, makes a woman an incubator. However, she becomes a voluntary incubator voluntarily, while receiving such care and care that she might not be able to afford when carrying her own child.
- It is possible that when the mother's instinct does not wake up to her mother, she simply can not accept the child. Yes, from this no one can be insured. But a woman and a surrogate mother need to prepare themselves initially for what will be, to adjust to the need to educate the baby, which is absolutely not to blame, that was born in this way.
- Perhaps, the child eventually learns that the non-native mum was carrying it. What could be his reaction? Of course, it is ambiguous. In this case, you either need to do everything to ensure that the son or daughter never learned about the method of his birth, or find the right time and correctly tell the child about it.
Now consider the pros of SM:
- Today, this form of the birth of children is almost the last saving straw for childless couples. After all, a family without children is considered inferior.
- Women provide childbirth services only voluntarily. For them, this is a chance to simultaneously improve the financial situation and make a childless couple happy.
- Allow parents to give birth in this way and not too well-to-do parents, resorting to the help of relatives. In this case, the financial side of the issue will be greatly facilitated.
- Many surimas, having several of their children, help to find them another pair, not being guided by money. They rather sympathize and want to help become happy parents to childless spouses. Of course, you do not often see such altruism, but it's commendable and noble.
- This is an opportunity to have a healthy baby. Agree that most of us do not prepare to become mothers and rarely plan a pregnancy. Conception occurs unplanned when a woman has a disease (herpes, chronic kidney disease, genital tract infections). Deciding to leave the baby, the woman begins to take measures to protect him from his illnesses, that is, risks. In the case of surrogate motherhood, a woman undergoes a thorough medical examination before the embryo is introduced into her. Also, medical supervision of such a mother in the process of bearing a child is much more serious and thorough, which means that the chances of having an absolutely healthy baby are greater.
World experience of surrogate motherhood
In our time, surrogate motherhood is a discussion topic that is not completely settled in the legal field. Such a method of the appearance of children is criticized for commercialization. In 1996, the Council of Europe adopted the Convention on Human Rights in Biological Medicine. This document has in fact become the first legal norm in public health, which aims to protect against possible abuses in the use of biological methods and procedures.
Surrogate motherhood is allowed in most states of the USA, South Africa, Russia, Ukraine, Australia, Great Britain, Denmark, Israel, Spain, Canada, the Netherlands. In these countries, there are legal features of this form of the birth of children. And these aspects imply the aspect of commercial and non-commercial SM.
Surrogate motherhood law is prohibited in Austria, Italy, Norway, Germany, Sweden, in some US states.
In a number of countries, laws do not prohibit CM, and do not regulate it legislatively. This is Belgium, Ireland, Greece.
The most common practice is surrogate motherhood in the US. In some states of the country surrogate agencies are open, there is a large base of reproductive material, and couples have the opportunity to choose a donor, that is, a surrogate mother, in appearance, religion and even ethnic origin.
The legislation of some countries imposes bans on surrogate motherhood. For example, in the Netherlands, SM advertising is prohibited, in the UK it is possible to pay only the costs of medical care in the case of surrogate motherhood, and in Denmark and Hungary, only a relative of the couple who decide to do so has the right to be surrogate.
In Israel, the opposite is true. The legislative feature of the CM is the ban on a relative surrogate mother's relationship with genetic parents. In addition, in this country such a mother must necessarily practice the same religion as potential parents.
In Germany, it is forbidden SM, involving the donation of eggs. The argument in favor of this is the inadmissibility of the division of social and biological motherhood.
The Italian legislation provides for imprisonment and a fine of up to one million euros for individuals engaged in organizing, advertising donation and surrogate motherhood in the country. However, Italian citizens can use the services of surrogate mothers outside the country.
So, to resort to the services of surma or not - the personal and responsible choice of each pair. Weighing all the advantages and disadvantages of this way of the baby's appearance, one should listen to one's heart. Sometimes it creates a barrier and unacceptability of such a method to become parents. This is more typical of women. Doubts and uncertainty can be flashed by other people's experiences and beliefs of doctors and relatives. In any case, it is impossible to hurry with the adoption of such a decision, even if & bdquo; shorten & rdquo; age.