What is the fetal hypoxia
During the growth and development of the future child, his lungs are only formed. Oxygen, which is the basis of development, it receives through the placenta. This is the only source of supply that he gets through the placenta. This is the only source of supply that he gets through the placenta. This is the only source of supply thatOxygen "takes" oxygen from the mother. When at least one of the constituent links is problematic, hypoxia or deficiency of fetal oxygen occurs.
The onset of hypoxia, its duration affect the future of the baby. The earlier it comes and the longer it lasts, the worse for the baby. In the early period of pregnancy, oxygen starvation can lead to deviations in the development of the child, the brain. This phenomenon is fraught with neurological diseases of the child in the future.
No less dangerous is the hypoxia and late gestation of the child, causing a delay in its development. In the worst case, it can lead to the need for an early Caesarean section.
Hypoxia at birth
Hypoxia, except for the onset in the period of gestation, can begin during labor. This hypoxia is called acute. By and large, all newborns experience a small oxygen deficiency, they adapt to temporary hypoxia.
But sometimes acute hypoxia can be very dangerous. This happens in preterm infants, with prolonged labor, bleeding, or infection.
There is another, severe form of fetal hypoxia - asphyxia (suffocation). With her, the supply of oxygen to the child is almost completely stopped. Asphyxia can be the result of birth complications. For example, detachment of the placenta, entrapment of the baby with the umbilical cord or its infringement.
During the labor period hypoxia can be described by the color of amniotic fluid. If the waters are turbid or greenish, then there are signs of oxygen deficiency. The addition of meconium in the waters also signals hypoxia.
What are the symptoms of hypoxia?
Future mother in the second half of pregnancy feels the child's movements. They need to be attentive and monitor their frequency. 10 movements per day is considered the norm. That is, if the baby moved within a minute or two - this is one stirring, one episode. The future mommy must learn to count their number. Some doctors believe that frequent movements are a sign of fetal hypoxia. This increase is also called the "hiccup" of the child. Other doctors argue that more revealing is the reduction in the number of perturbations, and even in general, their cessation. If such symptoms are present, then the woman is recommended to do CTG, that is fixation by a special heartbeat sensor of the fetus. An expert in CTG will tell you how the child feels and whether he suffers from oxygen deficiency. But it is worth considering, that this study can also give false positive results. Namely: to identify hypoxia where it does not exist.
As a rule, in early pregnancy it is difficult to detect oxygen starvation of the fetus. But it can be assumed in the event that the mummy suffers an anemia or other diseases.
Signs of oxygen starvation of the fetus can be detected and ultrasound diagnosis. So, the factor of hypoxia is the delay in the development of the fetus, when its indices are lower than the norm for this period of pregnancy.
Diagnostics of this pathology of development and Doppler. Deterioration of blood flow in the placenta and a decrease in heart rate signal about oxygen starvation.
Survey of the pregnant doctor, too, can reveal hypoxia. In this case, the sign is the unusual palpitation of the baby. Reduced heart rate signals fetal hypoxia. Since the doctor listens to the child's palpitations at each examination, oxygen starvation can be detected early.
Also an indirect signal of hypoxia is the placental pathology by ultrasound. It can be either too large, or less than the norm, its thickness, or detachment.
The future mother should remember every minute of her responsibility to the child. Strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations, attention to one's health, timely application for help, if necessary, is the pledge and the basis for the birth of a healthy son or daughter.