The most common causes of frozen pregnancy - genetic abnormalities of the fetus. It can also occur due to infections, including sexually transmitted infections (herpes, chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, mycoplasmosis, rubella). There is a risk of a frozen pregnancy and women who smoke a lot, use alcohol or drugs. The cause of the pathology may also be a violation of the hormonal background: the balance between progesterone and estrogen, insufficiency or an overabundance of one of them. To the death of the placenta and fetus lead autoimmune disorders, in particular, antiphospholipid syndrome, in which substances that destroy the main components of cells (phospholipids) are produced. As a result, it leads to blood clots. The embryo in the placenta does not receive oxygen and dies. Nervous overstrain, constant stress, taking antidepressants increase the risk of developing a stagnant pregnancy. The risk group is women after 40 years old, those who have made abortions or already had an undeveloped pregnancy.
Often, the future mother does not notice the pathology in the early stages. Therefore, a frozen pregnancy is difficult enough to suspect yourself. Later on it can be signaled by bloody discharge, cramping pains in the lower abdomen, cessation of nausea and vomiting, no longer disturb the previously painful mammary glands, it is possible to lower the basal temperature. In later terms, my mother is able to feel the fading of pregnancy after the fetus stops moving. The diagnosis can be established only on the basis of medical examinations. The main method of diagnosis - ultrasound. During the examination, the doctor determines the mismatch between the size of the uterus and the expected duration of pregnancy. Sometimes he can diagnose anembrionia. This means that in the fetal egg there is no embryo, and therefore pregnancy does not develop. Confirms the diagnosis of frozen pregnancy and lack of palpitation of the fetus. Reduction in the level of hCG (pregnancy hormone) in the blood is one of the signals that it is necessary to exclude this pathology.
If the diagnosis of a frozen pregnancy is established, then it is interrupted according to medical indications. Sometimes such a pathology can result in miscarriage. It is necessary to extract the fetus from the uterus as soon as possible. Finding it there is dangerous for a woman's health, because the decay products are absorbed into the blood and lead to intoxication of the body. In addition, blood coagulability is disrupted, bleeding occurs, the uterus becomes inflamed, which becomes a serious threat to the possibility of having children in the future. After termination of pregnancy, doctors should establish the cause of the anomaly. If possible, a histological examination of the fetal tissue is performed. A woman and a man are fully examined to identify and treat hormonal disorders and hidden infections.
As a rule, after a stagnant pregnancy, 80-90% of women nurse and give birth to healthy babies. The child should be planned no earlier than in six months or a year.