First of all, the expectant mother should correctly determine the gestational age: the first signs appear no earlier than 7 days after the fertilization of the egg, which can occur and two days after the sexual act. Given all this, you can start listening to your body only on the 9-10th day after unprotected intercourse.
Breast sensitivity increase
The first signs of pregnancy are associated with changes in the hormonal background of a woman, which, above all, are manifested by the increase or soreness of the mammary glands. The breast becomes supersensitive, any touch to the nipples causes excessive irritation and even pain. Very often women experience severe discomfort even when wearing clothes, and therefore bras with elements of lace and other decors have to be replaced with cotton products without unnecessary seams.
It should be noted that the increase in breast sensitivity in many women is accompanied by premenstural syndrome, and therefore alone, without the simultaneous manifestation of other symptoms of a probable pregnancy, this symptom can not be regarded as reliable.
The same should be said about spotting: often already pregnant, but not yet aware of this, women perceive a slight discharge of blood as a premature onset of menstruation. Nevertheless, there is such a thing in gynecology as implantation bleeding: it occurs about 6-12 days after the woman's conception took place. Approximately by this time the fertilized egg reaches the uterus surface and begins its planting: it begins to equip itself with a "nest", scraping out the epithelial cells from the uterine endometrium. This process may be accompanied by microscopic secretions of blood, which, however, not all women notice. Bloody discharge can disappear and reappear when the blastocyst restores its "building" activity.
Nevertheless, it is too early to set yourself up for pregnancy: bloody discharge can actually occur earlier than usual menstruation and even a sign of some kind of disturbance in the work of the woman's reproductive system.
Pain in the lower abdomen
Some pregnant women claim that the period of implantation bleeding is accompanied by physiological sensations, in particular, they feel a minor pulling pain in the lower abdomen. In medicine, there is no scientific confirmation that the fixation of the fetal egg can be felt at the physiological level, but there is as yet no refutation of this theory.
But it is absolutely certain that later, in the first weeks and months of pregnancy, a lot of pregnant women experience pain in the lower abdomen: the uterus begins to grow strongly, and this process is accompanied by the tension of the muscles and ligaments that hold it.
In addition, doctors and pregnant women themselves assert, even from the first days after conception, nausea may appear. According to some reports, early toxicosis can begin as early as a week after conception. Usually, his symptoms go to naught closer to the second trimester.
Scientists still can not precisely determine the causes of the development of toxicosis in pregnant women, although there are many versions. But it is reliably known that moderate toxicosis does not pose a threat to either the mother or the future baby. To sound the alarm follows if, due to nausea and vomiting, a woman can not eat and begins to lose weight.
The light manifestations of early toxicosis sometimes occur before the delay in the form of "motion sickness" in the transport, As a result, the woman begins to feel sick from the first days of pregnancy.
However, it must be borne in mind that all these symptoms are also characteristic for the period of menstruation when a cycle is violated. For example, nausea among other things can signal problems with the stomach and without other signs of witnessing pregnancy, of course, can not.
Feeling of malaise
Even before the delay in menstruation, a sign of pregnancy may be drowsiness and a general decrease in vitality when one wants to sleep from morning to night, and sleep problems at night. Rapid fatigue is associated with hormonal restructuring of the female body, as well as with the fact that in the early stages of pregnancy a lot of effort - physical and emotional - is spent to protect and protect yourself and your baby from negative influences.
In the first days and weeks, the woman's immunity is forced to decrease: this is temporary necessary for the egg to be implanted into the uterine cavity. The thing is, that it carries in itself the male gene material, which is perceived by the female organism as a foreign agent, and therefore it (that is, the female organism) will try in every possible way to get rid of this "enemy". To the fetal egg was able to gain a foothold, the protective functions of the body of a woman for a period of decline.
Against the background of the weakening of immune protection, a pregnant woman can feel an ailment: weakness, fatigue, weakness. Sometimes there are a runny nose, a sore throat, an aching in the body and other signs of a cold.
In addition, a feeling of malaise during pregnancy can be due to a slight increase in body temperature, which is observed in the early stages.
Increase in basal temperature A slight increase in body temperature (up to 37-37, 2 degrees) without the expressed symptoms of any disease is a more reliable sign of pregnancy in the early stages. But usually women are guided by basal temperature. A persistent increase in BT, on the eve of which there is an insignificant decrease in it - the so-called westing of basal temperature, will tell us about the conception that has taken place.
Retention of BT at elevated elevations within 12-14 days or more may indicate the onset of pregnancy. But here it should be noted that not all women BT reaches such high marks - 37 degrees and above. It happens that the normal basal temperature during pregnancy can be low. The main thing in this case is that it is increased by at least half a degree in comparison with the first phase of the menstrual cycle.
Other signs of pregnancy
Irritability, as with PMS, may be an implicit but possible sign, but again, it can easily be confused with a precursor of menstruation. The following symptoms, which may occur before menstrual delay, are very individual, although to some extent they can occur in all women:
- Increased urination: due to pressure on the bladder from the growing he empties more often.
- Disruption of the intestine: there may be a disorder of the stool, and constipation in the early stages of pregnancy.
- Change the taste of food. Change the taste can be any, even the most familiar food, both for the better and vice versa. So it's not surprising if you suddenly stop eating your favorite food.
- Headache. Many women complain of severe persistent headaches at the earliest stages of pregnancy, which tend to recede by 5-7 weeks.
- Feeling of discomfort in a sitting position. Indeed, quite often one of the first signs of pregnancy is "fidgeting on the chair," when it is impossible to choose a comfortable pose.
- Aversion to alcohol or simply rejection of it by the body.
- Increased appetite. The opinion that a woman in a position should eat "for two" is only partly true. The amount of food consumed should not increase, you need to monitor the replenishment of the supply of vitamins and nutrients necessary for the normal development and bearing of the child.
More accurate predictions can be made by going through a pregnancy test, which is recommended for use on the first day of menstruation, but it can give a reliable result even earlier. If the urine contains a hormone - chorionic gonadotropin, which is produced by absolutely all pregnant women, then the reaction of the test will be positive. In this case, the test will mark pregnancy with a red strip. Again, the test is worth doing only 7-10 days after conception. Do not take the result as negative if the strip is not bright, but barely noticeable. The test is recommended to be done in the morning, and not to drink alcohol and spicy seasonings several hours before. If the probability of pregnancy should be checked before the delay of menstruation, then it is worth choosing sensitive tests. A more accurate prediction can be obtained using a blood test for hCG. The probability of an error with this analysis is almost zero.
So the first signs of pregnancy say science. Women themselves argue that often the feeling of pregnancy appears almost immediately after sexual intercourse at a subconscious level. Psychologists can neither confirm nor deny this, but they recommend: even if such a premonition has appeared, one does not need to zealously convince himself that this "has finally happened," but it is worth simply relaxing and trying not to think about it at all. After all, if you properly "screw" yourself, you can find in yourself all the signs of pregnancy, even in the absence of it. In this case, in case of failure, disappointment can develop into a neurosis and cause depression. Often such "fictitious pregnancies" lead to a disorder of the cycle and hormonal imbalance. If even this time it was not possible to get pregnant, the best thing is to calm down and be sure, that very soon you will still become a mother. However, this does not mean that you need to completely rely on the will of fate and ignore the doctor's advice and treatment, if necessary.