In addition, future mothers often catch cold at the early stages of gestation, when all the vital organs and systems of the baby are laid, formed and intensively developed. And it is during this period that any disease, including catarrhal disease, can be especially dangerous for him. Yes, and my mother is also at risk. Complications of the common cold can be:
- hypoxia of the fetus;
- syndrome of fetal development delay;
- malformations of the fetus;
- intrauterine infection and even fetal death;
- premature discharge of amniotic fluid;
- increased blood loss in childbirth;
- development of inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs;
- fetoplacental insufficiency;
- complications in the postpartum period;
- Chronic infections.
The degree of threat carrying a cold can not be estimated. Here you can only guess how everything ends. But the main thing is that it is right and timely to act with the appearance of the first signs of a cold or only with suspicion of it. And then everything will pass with minimal risks for you.
It should be noted that such a diagnosis as "cold" does not exist. In this article we are talking about the common cold in the context of hypothermia or blotting, which entailed the disease of a pregnant woman. Doctors usually diagnose ARVI or ARI. Therefore, bacterial and viral diseases in pregnancy are described in the appropriate topics: Treatment of ARVI in pregnancy and Treatment of acute respiratory infections in pregnancy. Although the people they are also called colds - because of the similarity of manifestations.
Colds during pregnancy threaten the development of many complications. Therefore, the most reasonable will be to protect yourself from the disease whenever possible. To do this, the most important thing is not to allow the body to cool down sharply, because that's where the cold starts.
Preventing colds during pregnancy
- Try not to let hypothermia, especially the lower extremities.
- In rainy weather, it is important not to get wet or shiver.
- Drink vitamin-rich natural teas, but do not overuse: hypervitaminosis for you is no less dangerous than a cold. The same applies to multivitamin complexes for pregnant women.
- Many people like the use of aromatic oils for preventive purposes. For this purpose, the oils of lavender, tea tree, rosemary, fir, mint, eucalyptus and others will perfectly suit. But always consider possible allergic reactions.
- And you can apply a less poetic way: spread out all the rooms cut garlic and onions. If there are no contraindications, it is also useful to eat them.
- Walk more in the fresh air.
- A few times a day, ventilate the room - in any weather!
- Well, if there is an opportunity to do wet cleaning daily.
- Always wear the weather. You do not need to wrap yourself up much, but you do not need hypothermia either. Moderate heat and dryness will help to avoid colds.
Treating a cold during pregnancy
Treating a cold during pregnancy is not an easy process, but necessary. In view of the great danger of complications for mother and child, it is necessary to be treated immediately.
The first thing you should do is consult your doctor. In your position, traditional anti-catarrhal artillery is contraindicated, so the choice of treatment methods should be approached with extreme caution. If for some reason you have not been able to contact your gynecologist, the main rule that you should adhere to in treatment is: do no harm. Less is better than more. Therefore, carefully weigh your every move.
Start with a plentiful warm (but never hot) drink: juice, teas, water, fruit drinks, milk with butter and honey, vegetable broths (lime blossom, chamomile, dog rose). With a cold, this is the first salvation. But keep in mind that excess fluid can lead to swelling, so you still need to control its amount.
Take into account that antibiotics, immunomodulators, tinctures for alcohol, pressure and pulse drugs, antipyretic drugs are now contraindicated to you. Do not take vitamin C tablets separately. Among drugs, it is possible to use, for example, Paracetamol (to reduce temperature and from headache), Pharyngosept (from the throat swelling), Furacilin (for gargling). In general, the choice should be stopped on homeopathy. Only, as in any other case, all appointments should be made by a specialist.
In the rest it is better to turn to traditional medicine. But keep in mind that many components from her proposed recipes, you can have an allergic reaction. So choose the most harmless of the recipes. Very good during the cold during pregnancy helps horseradish: grind its root on a small grater, mix with the same amount of sugar, leave in a warm place for 12 hours, strain and take 1 tablespoon every hour in the acute period of the common cold. This drug has no side effects, it is quite safe in your position and is an excellent natural immunostimulant.
In general, all therapy will include the treatment of cold symptoms: cough treatment during pregnancy, treatment of a cold in pregnancy, treatment of temperature during pregnancy, treatment for sore throat. Among other symptoms - headache, sneezing, general malaise, fatigue, sniffing with inspiration through the nose. Inhalations using sage, chamomile and St. John's wort will help to avoid coughing, since they greatly contribute to alleviating the inflamed nasopharynx, and the inhalation of onions and garlic vapor effectively treat the common cold. Aromatherapy, especially coniferous oils, is helpful. A wonderful medicine is honey during pregnancy.
About inhalation should be mentioned separately, because they often significantly relieve the condition of a pregnant woman with a cold. It is recommended, for example, to breathe fumes of baking soda, boiled potatoes in a uniform, adding a tablespoon of chamomile or sage, black currant leaves, eucalyptus, oak, birch. It is useful to inhale with a nose and mouth a pair of grated large raw onion for about 10 minutes, but no more than 2 times a day. You can try inhalation with rosehip oil, thyme, hyssop or chamomile. Heat the water, add a few drops of oil. Covered with a towel, breathe for a few minutes over the "magic" saucepan. And immediately to bed! Individual intolerance to aromatic oils and herbs is common. Therefore, be attentive to your feelings. And it is better to consult a doctor before embarking on inhalations during pregnancy.
Thermal procedures during this period are contraindicated. However, if the cases are completely bad, and the tried methods are weak, you can put dry mustards and put on woolen socks. It is not recommended to hover legs, but if you are very cold (if your feet are numb), you should definitely warm up your legs after unsuccessful adventures. This method is used even in the event that there are no symptoms of the common cold for preventive purposes. But hot water can not be used! But the hands under the tap with hot water to the future mother can soar - this is a wonderful remedy for the common cold and pain in the throat! Dry heat, too, will not bring harm. At the first sensations of cold, wind the neck with a warm scarf, put on woolen socks, warm pajamas and go to bed. If you take such warming measures on time, often the morning after a cold and a trace does not remain.
Do not forget about your menu. It should include easy easy to stomach dishes containing all the necessary substances and trace elements. Eliminate heavy meat food, thick boiling broths, spicy, smoked and confectionery for the duration of illness.
If all the permitted methods are started, and the relief does not come, be sure to tell the doctor about it. But if at the same time you quickly become worse - you can not hesitate in any case. Risks in a worsening state are too great. Therefore, immediately call for an ambulance.