Infertility cases are on average observed in 10-20% of pairs. One of the most common misconceptions is that this problem is predominantly female. Statistics disproves this statement, indicating that the causes of infertility are divided almost equally between the sexes: one third of infertility cases are associated with men, one third with women, and the last third is divided between joint problems (20%) and unexplained cases (10%).
Female infertility is defined more simply. Having learned about this problem, the woman begins to be treated. It is much more difficult to persuade a man to undergo a survey. The refusal of the examination is explained by the fear of a man to recognize his inferiority. Very often infertility in members of the stronger sex is associated with impotence, although in fact the fault of male infertility is not sexual weakness. The ability of a man to reproduce the offspring depends entirely on the quality and quantity of his sperm.
Causes of male infertility
It is important to understand that infertility is not considered an independent disease. It is the consequence of a complex of various pathologies of the whole male body. Such a condition in a man can arise due to damage to the genitals, pathology of the reproductive system, intoxication and somatic diseases of the body, infections, endocrine diseases, neurological and psychiatric disorders, chronic inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary organs, genetic, immune and chromosomal changes. Influence on the reproductive system of men is also environmental factors, stress, medications, bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
Prevention of male infertility
For the prevention of male infertility should regularly consult a doctor and undergo preventive examinations. Eliminate all damaging factors, such as alcohol, smoking, the use of various medications. It is necessary to avoid chronic and acute stressful situations. A healthy way of life will only strengthen the reproductive functions of your body. Therefore, it is so important to eat right, to follow the normal weight, to maintain a sufficiently high physical activity.
Treatment of male infertility
If you still have this problem, you should immediately start treatment. Remember that infertility treatment for men is a long and complicated process, therefore, first of all, you will need faith and patience.
The success of treating infertility is to eliminate its causes. It is very important that the andrologist make a treatment plan that will determine the nature of the disease that caused the infertility.
The physician should also give realistic predictions about the potential success of the treatment. Diagnosis begins with a minimum and, as necessary, expands, based on a comprehensive assessment of the condition of the male reproductive system.
There are two approaches to the treatment of male infertility: pathogenetic and empirical.
The pathogenetic approach is that the cause is first diagnosed, and then the treatment is selected. Infertility, the causes of which are the inflammatory process, infections, certain endocrine disorders, is treated by methods of conservative therapy. When the causes of infertility are more serious (for example, varicose veins of the spermatic cord (varicocele) or uneven dropping of the testicles into the scrotum (cryptorchidism)), then surgical intervention is indicated. The operation will be needed in the case of obstructive azoospermia, when an obstruction arises in the vas deferens, which is responsible for the absence of sperm in the ejaculate. Excluding the influence of harmful factors can solve the problem of infertility, which lies in harmful habits, environmental and other factors.
The empirical approach is based on the use of methods of artificial insemination. If infertility is not amenable to any of the listed methods of treatment, then the method of IVF / ICSI - intracytoplasmic injection of the sperm is applied. The reasons that lead to infertility are not investigated. For carrying out the method of IVF, a sufficient number of spermatozoa along with the egg is placed for fertilization in a special container. To perform the ICSI method, a single sperm with the best characteristics is populated inside the egg cell. Such a spermatozoon is placed in a viscous substance that protects it from possible damage. The spermatozoon can not move, after which it is placed in a microscopic needle. The needle is inserted into the cytoplasm of the egg.
Patients with infertility are advised to give up smoking and alcohol, lead a sex life with regularity at least once every 3-4 days, avoid stress, adhere to a healthy way of life. Do not forget about the traditional medicine, but it is advisable to consult with a specialist before this. Your inner spirit is also very important. Remember that complex treatment, your optimism and positive thinking can do wonders!