Briefly about the disease
Umbilical hernia is characterized byprotrusion of the abdominal cavity tissue or organs that are located in it, in the navel area. The emergence of pathology is based on the weakening of the peritoneal muscles and the stretching of the umbilical ring during the period of gestation and at the time of delivery. In the hole that formed, penetrate the tissues of the abdominal cavity, under pressure.
Pregnancy and birth are a combination of circumstances that trigger the onset of the disease. Its development occurs in stages. Initially, through the enlarged ring, the hernial sac gradually begins to fall out with a soft filling. This happens spontaneously or with any additional physical exertion. Over time, this process becomes permanent, bulging pouch occurs when a woman is just standing, and when lying down, it disappears by itself. At this stage of hernia formation, her professional direction does not cause fears and problems.
With further development of the disease, a connective tissue is formed in the hernial sac, and the exaggerated tissue is joined to the walls of this sac. As a result, the umbilical hernia becomes uncontrollable. The development of pathology can lead to a number of serious ailments.
Causes of pathology
With the widening of the umbilical cord, stretching and loosening of the muscles, the appearance of excessive pressure inside the abdominal cavity, a hernia can form. The period of pregnancy and the process of birth contribute to the combined effect of the above factors. And to accelerate the development of pathology may be abnormal previous birth, childbirth with complications, including cesarean section, multiple pregnancy and the birth of a large baby. In addition to them, the cause of the pathology may be accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, obesity of the mother and the genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of the umbilical hernia
At the initial stage, the protrusion of the abdominal cavity tissue appears occasionally. It is not very noticeable. But with the further development of pathology becomes visible to the naked eye. Dimensions of the hernial sac directly depend on the extent of the lesion, can range from 2 to 18 cm.
The next sign is a pain syndrome that is aggravated by physical labor, sneezing and coughing. Progress in the development of umbilical hernia is fraught with abnormalities in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, the appearance of discomfort and a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, nausea.
Complications can occur as an infringement, inflammatory processes and violations in the passage of stool in the large intestine. But the most dangerous infringement happens during the interruption of the blood supply of the protruding hernial sac, which causes its necrosis. Such a pathology can be determined by sudden sudden pain in the navel, an increase in body temperature, a general intoxication of the body, hardening of the hernial sac and an increase in local temperature. In the latter case, urgent surgical operation is necessary.
Treatment of an illness
Treatment of umbilical hernia depends on the stage of the disease and the presence of complications. At an early stage of the development of the disease, preventive measures are carried out, which are aimed at strengthening the muscles and eliminating provoking factors.
Treatment of the disease involves the normalization of the work of the stomach and intestines, the elimination of constipation, accumulation of feces in the large intestine. Serious lesions and rapid development of the anomaly are eliminated exclusively by surgical operation. Operative intervention for today is produced by two methods: hernioplasty (strengthening of the walls and suturing of the umbilical orifice) and implantation (installation of a mesh to close the umbilical orifice).