Briefly about the umbilical hernia
Umbilical hernia is a pathological process. This is the protrusion of the abdominal organs due to the weakening of the muscles of the umbilical ring.
It should be noted that every pregnant woman is at risk of umbilical hernia formation. The chances of its appearance increase with multiple and repeated pregnancy, large fetus and polyhydramnios, and also in the age of women over 30.
But do not panic if an umbilical hernia is detected. If the hernia was before the onset of pregnancy, then before finding her symptoms, consult a surgeon. He will observe you and, if necessary, prescribe therapy to minimize the risks of complication.
Hernia is usually not formed in the first trimester. The most dangerous in terms of its appearance are 2 and 3 trimesters. The reason is that the child in the womb of the mother grows, the uterus increases, intra-abdominal pressure rises. Muscles, which are weakened by such pressure, do not restrain the organs - and thus the protrusion of the hernia is formed.
Symptoms of umbilical hernia in pregnant women
Signs of umbilical hernia in pregnant women are very typical. This is oblong or rounded in the navel. This protrusion can easily be corrected with a gentle pressure or in a horizontal position of the woman. However, in later terms, such a correction is impossible. Education increases and pulsates with attempts, for example, with coughing. Painful attacks are typical during periods of fetal movement at late periods.
With umbilical hernia, symptoms depend on the size of the protrusion and its contents. If a large omentum protrudes, the pregnant woman is first worried only by a hernial defect, and the pain appears later. When the loops of the intestine protrude, then constipation, rumbling in the stomach, and nausea, and stiff pain in the navel, and other feelings of discomfort are possible.
The growing uterus, by its volume, pushes up the organs of the abdominal cavity. Hernial sac is actually empty. For this reason, late in the palpation of the bulge, there is a void in it, and when pressed, a light cotton is heard. Therefore infringement of a hernia at sorts usually does not occur. The presence of an umbilical hernia in a pregnant woman is not an indication for a caesarean section.
Treatment of umbilical hernia in pregnancy
The main form of treatment for umbilical hernia in a healthy person is surgery. If the umbilical hernia appeared in the pregnant woman, then the planned surgical intervention is contraindicated because of the negative influence of drugs during and after the operation.
Usually, after a birth, the hernia goes by itself. Therefore, the main way to treat the pathology is to wear compression linen. It helps to reduce muscle tension. The bandage should be used after consultation with a doctor, Because wearing it requires the skills of fixation.
If the bandage is incorrectly worn, a fetal developmental pathology may develop, or it may be misplaced in the uterus.
Is the umbilical hernia dangerous during pregnancy?
The most dangerous complication of a hernia during pregnancy is the infringement of the hernial sac with its contents. The risk of such infringement increases during physical exertion or constipation. This can lead to the necrosis of the tissues. Complication is characterized by severe pain in the navel, nausea, vomiting, prolonged absence of stool and gases. If the hernia symptoms are not expressed at the beginning, a complication in the form of peritonitis is possible.
In order to avoid such complications, a pregnant woman must necessarily consult a surgeon. The expert will give an exhaustive information on how, what a woman should do, and what not.
This harmless pathology of pregnant women can not be closed eyes. After all, it is dangerous for its consequences and requires medical supervision.