What causes an unpleasant odor from the vagina
After the placenta separates from the uterus, the menstrual-like secretions emerge from the vagina of the puerpera. Gynecologists call them lochia. In the first 5-7 days they are abundant, red, with impurities of mucus. Their color gradually changes. Postpartum discharges become light brown, then their color and at all approaches the physiological. This period takes 4-6 weeks.
Normally, lochia do not have a sharp odor. They do not cause discomfort to others, unpleasant and painful sensations of the woman in childbirth. If the postpartum discharge did not change after a week, did not become light brown, and besides, they had a specific sharp smell, then a woman should consult a doctor with such a problem. Putrid "aroma" in combination with abundant secretions, most likely, is evidence of the development of an acute inflammatory process in the uterus. Surely this is an endometritis. And although the woman in the postpartum period is entirely devoted to caring for the baby, this is not an excuse to ignore problems with one's own health or to engage in self-medication. To the doctor it is necessary to address, if suddenly transparent lochias become scarlet, bloody, purulent. Also to the doctor it is necessary to hurry, when together with the appearance of the smell the temperature increased, there were pains in the lower abdomen, they irradiate in the lower back.
The reason for the development of endometritis is getting into the uterus of pathogenic microflora, the development of the infectious process. Such a state will not pass by itself. Endometritis is treated under the supervision of a gynecologist, because sometimes it can cause the death of puerperas!
As for other causes of bad smell from the birth canal, it can be:
- Vaginosis. It is inflammation of the vaginal walls, provoked by various microorganisms.
- Candidiasis. An ailment, which provokes the fungi of the genus Candida. Candidiasis is characterized by a white discharge. Their structure is curdled. The smell is sour. This postpartum complication is not as dangerous as endometritis. It is easily treated.
- Diseases of the urinary system. In a period of a sharp decline in immunity, women can "pick up" cystitis, pyelonephritis, which in addition to the unpleasant odor of secretions are accompanied by pain.
- Dysbacteriosis of the vagina. The disease also develops against the background of a decrease in the body's defenses and is accompanied by a fetid odor.
What to do to remove odor in the intimate area after childbirth
First of all, you need to accurately determine its cause. Endometritis should be treated by a gynecologist, prescribing antibacterial drugs, given whether the baby is breastfeeding the baby. Local drugs are also prescribed in the form of creams, gels, aerosols and suppositories.
Metrogil, Trichopol, Metronidazole can be used in the form of suppositories or tablets. Antimicrobials in the treatment of endometritis are combined with douching with Tomicide, Benzalkonium chloride. Local therapy on the body of a nursing woman does not have systemic effects. It has a minimal amount of side effects.
Dysbacteriosis of the vagina is also treated with antibiotics. To do this, use Clindamycin, Oleandomycin and cephalosporins. Are appointed or nominated at a dysbacteriosis and a suppository Ginoflor.
If the cause of an unpleasant smell is thrush, then you can apply Terginan, Isoconazole, Lomexin suppositories. Vaginosis is treated with Iodoxide.
During the therapy the woman should take care of strengthening her immunity, enriching the diet with vitamins, juices, berries. It is also important to change gaskets more frequently, to observe more personal hygiene, to wear free linen from natural cloth. Do not use unproven hygiene products for the intimate zone.