Ureaplasmosis in pregnancy

What is dangerous for ureaplasmosis in pregnancy?

To date, doctors agree in one - ureaplasmosis affects the course of pregnancy and can harm a child, which means it must be treated.

What is ureaplasmosis?

Ureaplasmosis is caused by ureaplasmas - the smallest bacteria that live on the mucous genital organs and the urinary tract of a person. Scientists refer them to both pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms because of their division into species.

The infection, as a rule, is transmitted sexually (including orally). However, ureaplasmosis can get from an infected mother to a child during pregnancy or during childbirth, after which he can live in the new organism asymptomatically until a certain point.

Symptoms of ureaplasmosis

From the moment of infection to the first manifestations of ureaplasmosis can pass from several days to several months. Bacteria enter the human genitourinary system and wait for the moment to strike. But even after the end of the incubation period, the symptoms may be less noticeable, absent or completely coincide with the manifestations of other inflammatory infections of the urinary tract. Especially & ldquo; quietly "he lives in the body of a woman.Often ureaplasmosis is detected when a woman is examined for frequent painful urination, vaginal discharge, pain in the lower abdomen, infertility, etc.

Diagnosis

Diagnose ureaplasmosis Ureaplasmas can form a natural microflora of a healthy woman and become provocateurs of pathological processes only under certain circumstances (for example: hypothermia, antibiotics, immunosuppression, stress, etc.). From this follows that presence of a ureaplasma in analyzes yet does not speak about disease a ureaplasmosis. To confirm the disease, the following series of studies are carried out:

  1. PCR (polymerase chain reaction, which allows to identify the pathogen DNA) - makes it possible to extract ureaplasma from the test material (smear from the urethra, vagina and cervix), but not allows you to determine the quantitative characteristics.
  2. The serological method - reveals antibodies to ureaplasma antigens and is used to determine the causes of infertility, miscarriage, postpartum inflammatory diseases. The analysis is based on a study of blood from a vein.
  3. Bacteriological (cultural) method - is to grow ureaplasmas on an artificial nutrient medium (for research take material from the urethra, vaginal vaults, cervical canal and morning urine). It allows to determine the amount of ureaplasmas, to reveal the resistance and sensitivity of the pathogen to antimicrobial drugs, in order to avoid the intake of unnecessary antibiotics.

The purpose of the analysis and the final diagnosis is best entrusted to an experienced dermatovenerologist who will be able to identify a pathogenic microflora.

Remember that the examination and treatment should take place between both partners in order to avoid re-infection.

Is ureaplasmosis dangerous during pregnancy?

There are two reasons why it is important to detect ureaplasmosis at the planning stage of pregnancy. First, during pregnancy, the immunity of a future mother is reduced, which can lead to, that even a small amount of ureaplasmas is activated and gives green light to the development of ureaplasmosis. Secondly, the treatment of ureaplasmosis during pregnancy can be started only at 12 weeks because of the danger of negative effects of antibiotics on the fetus.

According to many experts, ureaplasma during pregnancy is dangerous because it can cause miscarriage or premature birth (as a consequence, the baby will be premature).

Due to the fact that the fetus is reliably protected by a placenta that does not miss ureaplasma, infection during pregnancy is rare. But the ureaplasma is selected to the child during childbirth, when passing through the birth canal of an infected mother. Infection occurs in about half the cases. This fact is confirmed by the detection of ureaplasms on the genitals (usually in girls) or in the nasopharynx of babies.

Fortunately, modern medicine copes quite successfully with the treatment of ureaplasmosis in pregnant women. In order to prevent premature birth and infection of the child during passage through the birth canal, the pregnant woman is treated with special antibiotics in combination with drugs that strengthen the immune system, thereby minimizing the possibility of a re-illness, and also reduce the risk of side effects when taking antibiotics. The scheme of treatment is selected by an experienced physician taking into account all identified problems and possible consequences.

The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or other modern medicine copes quite successfully with the treatment of ureaplasmosis in pregnant women. In order to prevent premature birth and infection of the child during passage through the birth canal, the pregnant woman is treated with special antibiotics in combination with drugs that strengthen the immune system, thereby minimizing the possibility of a re-illness, and also reduce the risk of side effects when taking antibiotics. The scheme of treatment is selected by an experienced physician taking into account all identified problems and possible consequences.

The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or other modern medicine copes quite successfully with the treatment of ureaplasmosis in pregnant women. In order to prevent premature birth and infection of the child during passage through the birth canal, the pregnant woman is treated with special antibiotics in combination with drugs that strengthen the immune system, thereby minimizing the possibility of a re-illness, and also reduce the risk of side effects when taking antibiotics. The scheme of treatment is selected by an experienced physician taking into account all identified problems and possible consequences.

The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or other pregnant women are treated with special antibiotics in combination with drugs that strengthen immunity, thereby minimizing the possibility of re-illness, and also reduce the risk of side effects when taking antibiotics. The scheme of treatment is selected by an experienced physician taking into account all identified problems and possible consequences.

The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or other pregnant women are treated with special antibiotics in combination with drugs that strengthen immunity, thereby minimizing the possibility of re-illness, and also reduce the risk of side effects when taking antibiotics. The scheme of treatment is selected by an experienced physician taking into account all identified problems and possible consequences.

The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or other The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or other The beginning of treatment of a pregnant woman depends on the course of pregnancy. If there is no threat of miscarriage or othercomplications, then ureaplasmosis begins to be treated from about 22 weeks.

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