First of all, let us clarify that urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra. Very often it is confused with cystitis, but these are different ailments.
Infectious urethritis is caused by infection. Its causative agents can be beaten by gonococci, ureaplasma, chlamydia. They areBuns live in the female body before conception, but manifest themselves only after it.
The causes of non-infectious urethritis are injuries, allergies. In the period of bearing the baby, it can appear due to the growing fetus, which, stretching the uterus, presses on the organs of the small pelvis and the urethra.
The signs of urethritis in expectant mothers are the same as in ordinary women. Sometimes a low degree of their severity is a muffled painful sensation. Many women just do not pay attention to them. The gynecologist at the examination determines the urethritis immediately.
The main symptom of the ailment is manifested by frequent urination with burning, itching, pain. From the urethra may appear discharge. Their appearance, abundance depends on the cause of the disease.
Future moms should know, how to distinguish cystitis from urethritis. The symptom of the first is pain after urination. With urethritis, the pain syndrome accompanies the process and continues after it.
Any infection that affects the body during pregnancy, can affect the development of the fetus. At the same time, the most dangerous is the urethritis that occurs when a woman has a ureaplasmosis and chlamydia infection. These infections can enter the amniotic fluid and thus infect the fetus. So there are pathologies of its development.
Non-infectious urethritis in the period of gestation is less dangerous. But it also requires treatment, because the neglected form of the disease can develop into a chronic form, lead to complications.
As for the diagnosis of urethritis in pregnancy, then at every scheduled visit the gynecologist is interested in the state of health and complaints of the future mother. On their basis, the doctor conducts an examination of the patient's genitals, takes a smear, sowing on the sensitivity to antibiotics.
Therapy of urethritis during pregnancy depends on its cause. If it is an infection, the pregnant woman is sent to a hospital. There is selected treatment with conservative antibiotics, least affecting the fetus. Immunostimulants, topical preparations are prescribed. If urethritis is non-infectious, then it can be treated on an outpatient basis. The drugs prescribed by the doctor relieve inflammation, eliminating the cause of the disease.
In addition to traditional medicine, there are effective folk methods. However, in pregnancy, they serve as an auxiliary form of basic treatment. To apply such methods it is possible only after consultation with the attending physician. This syringing infusions of calendula, chamomile, the use of sour juices, fruit drinks, leafy vegetables.
Treatment of urethritis is aimed at restoring the properties of the urethra, the microflora of the vagina.
It is important for a pregnant woman to prevent the occurrence of such diseases, especially if their nature is contagious. This in practice means the following preventive measures:
- Avoid supercooling, especially the feet.
- Try not to expose your body to stresses.
- Strictly observe personal hygiene.
- Have a permanent partner or be protected at occasional intimate contacts.
- Balanced eat to support immunity.
- A full rest.
- Regularly visit your gynecologist.