You should be aware that during pregnancy the urogenital system undergoes a double load. This is understandable, because the uterus grows, and the fruit presses on the kidneys, thereby hindering their work. In addition, the kidneys are under great strain, because they work for two organisms.
Almost at each visit to the doctor it is necessary to pass the analysis of urine, this is an obligatory stage of diagnostics of a condition of a female organism.
However, not everyone even knows how to properly collect urine and feel embarrassed about asking your gynecologist. In order for the analysis to be correct, it is first necessary to carry out thorough hygiene of the genital organs. Piss urine into clean dishes, you will need an average serving. The results will be unreliable if you hand over the liquid for analysis after two hours after the fence. Since many components are destroyed in the "stagnant" urine and can be mixed with third-party bacteria.
Wait for the result of the analysis is not too long. Many laboratories do a urine test per day.
The urine of a pregnant woman is examined for the content and quantity of many components.
Protein in the urine of a pregnant woman
If there is no protein in the urine of a healthy person, then a small amount in the urine of a pregnant woman is the norm. Worse when the protein is more than 300 mg, it can talk about a malfunction in the kidneys. In this case, you should constantly see a doctor throughout the entire pregnancy, and if the protein in the urine will increase, then even hospitalization of a woman is possible. Proteinuria (protein in the urine) of pregnant women can develop at the 32nd week of bearing a baby. Then this indicates a violation of the placenta, it can no longer protect the fetus from external influences and provide enough oxygen. This phenomenon has a negative effect on the fetus, which can cause premature birth or even death of the baby.
Bacteria in the urine of a pregnant woman
Bacteria in the urine of a pregnant woman are detected 5 times more often than non-pregnant women. Unfortunately, the frequent cause of premature birth is the E. coli, which leads to the emergence of acute pyelonephritis. But it is much more dangerous when the bacteria are in the body, but the symptoms are not traced, and therefore it is the urine test on the bacteria that helps to prevent the development of dangers to the health of the future mother and baby.
Leukocytes in the urine of a pregnant woman
If leukocytes are found in the analysis, then it speaks of infectious diseases of the kidneys. Of course, in this case, emergency treatment is required, because the proper functioning of the genitourinary system is the main for the development of the baby.
Phosphates in the urine of pregnant
The presence of phosphate in the urine can be determined even by the appearance of the liquid. If the urine is turbid, then this indicates the presence of an impurity of salts. It is important to know that during pregnancy, the amount of salts should decrease, since phosphoric acid compounds in the body are redistributed and most of them go to the formation of the bones of the fetal skeleton.
Acidity of urine (pH)
If a decrease in pH is detected when analyzing urine, then this indicates a lack of potassium in the body or indicates a pronounced early toxicosis and loss of fluid by the body.
Everything in the body is normal, if the urine is yellow or its different shades. Any color changes should cause concern, because in the case of seriousness of the situation this will affect other indicators.
In general, all changes in the urine of a pregnant woman are considered by doctors in a comprehensive manner. The analysis of urine can not tell about all possible threats to the future mother and child, so do not ignore other tests that the doctor prescribes. In any case, before the final diagnosis is made, the urine test is repeated, the main thing is not to panic beforehand.