The uterus is located in the cavity of the small pelvis between the bladder and rectum. The fertilized egg gets into it, moving along the fallopian tube. It is in the uterus that implantation (attachment) and further development of the embryo takes place. It should be noted that the uterus consists of the bottom, the body and the cervix, the length of which is proportional to the duration of pregnancy and averages 3 cm.
If a woman suspected pregnancy or she was told about 2 stripes on the test, postpone visit to women's consultation. On the first examination the gynecologist can confirm the presence of & ldquo; interesting location & rdquo; for some changes in the uterus. Namely, with an accomplished pregnancy, cyanosis (cyanosis) of the vaginal mucosa and cervix is ??noted, as well as changes in the size, shape and consistency of the uterus.
What exactly changes in the uterus occur in the early stages of pregnancy?
Magnification of the uterus is noticeable at 5-6 weeks of pregnancy. At the same time its shape changes: from pear-shaped it becomes spherical. By the end of the second month of pregnancy the uterus grows to the size of a goose egg. Very characteristic for the early stages of pregnancy and the following symptom: softening of the tissues of the uterus, especially in the isthmus. Strong softening of the isthmus provokes an increased kink of the uterus anteriorly, which is also evident when the gynecological examination is complete.
In the first trimester of pregnancy, the uterus is small and still in the small pelvis. In this case, a woman, especially primiparous, there is only a slight increase in the circumference of the abdomen. At the early stages of pregnancy at the time of fixing the fetal egg in a woman, scarce bloody discharge is possible. This may be due to the fact, that during the implantation small fragments of the lining of the uterus can be torn away. However, a woman either does not feel pain, or they are insignificant. It does not bode ill, but to inform your doctor is at least because the cause of secretions without the help of a specialist can not be established, and spotting in the early stages of pregnancy can indicate a beginning miscarriage.
In addition, for early pregnancy is characterized by mild cramping, soreness or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen. Many women in the first-second week of pregnancy notice periodic tingling in the uterus. This is due to the proliferation of ligaments of the enlarged uterus.
At the beginning of pregnancy, the uterus may be in a condition called hypertension (contractions, which in some cases can lead to spontaneous abortion). Women describe their feelings in this condition as "heavy womb", "stone womb", "it hurts like a period", etc. Hypertension of the uterus is not a disease, it is a sign of unhappiness in the body of a woman, a signal to be urgently responded to , otherwise troubles can not be avoided. The reasons for its occurrence can be many. This and hormonal disorders, and the presence of inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, and the effects of previously produced artificial pregnancy interruptions. In addition, hypertonia can signal some abnormalities and malformations of the uterus, tumor processes. Increased tone of the uterus must be eliminated, because, as we have already said, in the early stages it can cause the death of the fetal egg, undeveloped pregnancy and spontaneous abortion.
Another cause of bleeding in the early stages is erosion of the cervix. After all, the flow of blood has now been strengthened to the uterus, and the mucous membrane (which is broken in this disease and is a kind of wound) starts to bleed. With erosion of the cervix in pregnant women, blood from the genital tract appears after sexual intercourse or for no apparent reason, such bleeding is not accompanied by pain, is insignificant and quickly spontaneously stops. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe a local treatment that does not pose a threat to the fetus, and after delivery will suggest a treatment regimen for this ailment.