The veins are the most important component of the circulatory system. If blood flows from the heart to the tissues and organs to deliver oxygen to the arteries, the veins transport the blood, which is filled with carbon dioxide back to the heart. Since the veins should rise against the force of gravity - the top, - nature has thought out a special organism that helps to overcome this task. So, in the veins there are special mechanisms, the so-called valves, which prevent the reverse flow of blood. And when walking prod in the veins there are special mechanisms, the so-called valves, preventing the reverse flow of blood. And when walking prod in the veins there are special mechanisms, the so-called valves, preventing the reverse flow of blood. And when walking prodHelping the blood also helps the calf muscles: they push blood through a contraction. Under normal human condition, the circulatory system, without any external influences from outside, usually does not give failures. But pregnancy - a special condition, which among other changes in the body, makes its changes and the work of the circulatory system. So, the volume of circulating blood during the bearing of the baby increases by 20-30%, the hormonal background significantly changes. All this in a complex not only gives an additional load on the venous system, but can lead to unpleasant consequences, among which in the first place is venous insufficiency, or varicose veins.
Varicose veins are considered a very common problem in pregnant women: according to different data, it affects 20 to 40% of women, waiting for the child. The development of this disease, in addition to genetic predisposition, contributes to a number of factors. The mechanism of the occurrence of varicose veins is that with an increased volume of blood, it does not always fully circulate through the body, as its movement is complicated by the compression of the veins. So, entering the lower extremities, the blood can not "ascend" with the same speed back: the baby growing in the uterus compresses the veins of the abdominal cavity with its weight. Thus, stagnation of blood occurs, which also opens the veins from the inside. The first symptoms of varicose veins are tired, like "poured" feet by the evening, burning in them and tingling. Then there are swelling and pain, and as a result - formed venous network, the veins protrude outwards and can be significantly deformed. Besides, often varicosity is accompanied by pain symptoms in the veins. It is also unpleasant that varicose veins are not a disease solely of the feet. Because of the constriction of the veins in the abdominal cavity, varicose veins, vagina, and the veins of the rectum can also develop (this is hemorrhoids).
Prevent negative changes in the veins during pregnancy by any woman. Even if there is a genetic predisposition to the occurrence of varicose veins, under the condition of careful prevention and increased attention to one's own health, a woman always has a chance to prevent the development of varicose veins.
Preventive measures to prevent the development of varicose veins are very simple, in addition, they also contribute to strengthening overall health. For example, one of the conditions for the struggle for healthy veins is regular special exercises. And also gymnastics for the pregnant woman, swimming, yoga, walking on fresh air - moderate loads help to keep calf muscles in a tone and improve venous outflow. In addition, training helps to monitor body weight, which is also important in the prevention of varicose veins: a strong weight gain negatively affects the condition of the veins. In this case, do not forget about enough rest for your legs: the load should be alternated with the laid relaxation. Do not stay in a standing or sitting position for long periods of time, as normal blood circulation is disturbed. In the sitting position, it is undesirable to cross legs, and, when choosing a walk, it is better to give preference to shoes without a heel. In the evening, lying in front of the TV or reading a book, You can throw your feet on the wall at an angle of 45 degrees: the blood is so much easier to "make your way" through the veins. Getting ready for bed, you can even put a pillow under your feet at night.
And still have to take for yourself the habit of wearing special clothing that reduces the risk of developing varicose veins - compression socks or stockings. Such clothing helps reduce the diameter of the veins, and therefore the blood moves along them evenly. This allows you to eliminate venous congestion and reduce the chances of varicose veins. Just do not choose compression knit by yourself, for the appropriate consultation you will need to contact a phlebologist-to determine the degree of compression required by a specialist.