What exactly is the drug to buy in the pharmacy, the doctor will tell you. He will take into account the individual characteristics and needs of your body. Probably, it will be a whole complex intended for admission during the planning stage, pregnancy and lactation, perhaps several drugs in isolation.
But do not forget that fresh vegetables, fruits, greens are a source of natural vitamins, which are necessary for the body in the first place. And it is extremely important to remember and understand that the organism of the future father needs nutrients not less than the organism of the future mother, because he must provide his offspring with a quality healthy biological material - that is, sperm. So, both potential parents should undergo vitaminization at the planning stage of conception of the child.
Pregnancy planning: vitamins for women
Let's not discuss today on what vitamins to give preference: natural or chemical, because the truth, as always, lies somewhere in the middle. It is better to find out exactly what vitamins are needed for the future mother's body at the planning stage. One of the most important (necessary for planning and early pregnancy) vitamins is folic acid or vitamin B9. This vitally important vitamin helps prevent neural tube defects (the spinal cord is formed from it) in a future child. In addition, a lack of folic acid can disrupt the formation of the placenta or lead to spontaneous abortion. To avoid complications, it is necessary to take folic acid or drugs that contain it, even before the pregnancy.
In nature, a sufficient amount of vitamin B9 is found in greenery and vegetables with dark green leaves (spinach, broccoli, parsley, cabbage, green onions, green peas, beans, lentils, asparagus, soybeans, beets, carrots, tomatoes). In addition, there are a lot of it in walnuts, citrus fruits, watermelons, peaches, wheat germs, coarse flour (and bakery products from it), buckwheat, oatmeal and rice cereals, wheat, tomato juice, kefir, sunflower seeds. Folic acid products of animal production are rich: beef liver, cod liver, cottage cheese, cheese, egg yolk, caviar.
Given that when heat treatment to 85% of the vitamin is destroyed, nutritionists and doctors advise cooking food for a couple or, if possible, eat raw foods. Of course, this does not apply to the liver, egg yolk and similar products, but the raw carrots will be much more useful than cooked.
In order to ensure the woman's body sufficient amount of folic acid (400 mcg daily) during pregnancy planning, it is necessary to take the medications containing it.
Vitamin A - retinol - is required in increased amounts during pregnancy and lactation. However, it will not be out of place if a woman only dreams of becoming a mother. A sufficient amount of retinol is found in products of animal origin (fish oil, butter, cream, cottage cheese, egg yolk, liver, etc.) and some cereals. But when planning a pregnancy, a woman should know that an excess of this vitamin in the body can, on the contrary, lead to a number of complications and pathologies. That's why pregnancy is better to plan not earlier, than in 6 months after the termination of reception of a preparation. Natural sources of vitamin A: yellow-red, green vegetables and fruits (mountain ash, apricots, dog rose, black currant, sea-buckthorn, yellow pumpkin, watermelon, red pepper, spinach, cabbage, celery, parsley, dill , carrots, sorrel, green onions, green pepper, nettle, dandelion, clover).
Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes serious disorders in the work of the nervous system. Its presence is necessary for the metabolic cycle of energy production, the productive absorption of carbohydrates. Sources of this vitamin are mainly products of plant origin. Among them, it is especially worth noting cereals, cereals, coarse flour, sprouts, beans. Having varied your diet hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, you can get an additional portion of vitamin B1. Do not forget also about apricots, dog rose, red beets, carrots, radishes, onions, cabbage, spinach, potatoes.
Vitamin B2 is often referred to as & ldquo; growth vitamin & rdquo; . It is necessary for man to exchange iron and many metabolic processes of other substances. Vitamin B2 is of great importance in the formation of the skeleton, muscles, nervous system. Therefore, its uninterrupted entry into the body of a woman both before conception and after it is important. Sources of vitamin: livestock products (liver, milk, eggs), as well as legumes, spinach, dog rose, leafy vegetables, cabbage, tomatoes.
At the planning stage, as well as after the onset of pregnancy, other vitamins of group B (B3, B5, B6, B12) are equally important.
I would like to dwell on vitamin C, often referred to as & ldquo; ascorbic & rdquo; . Ascorbic acid positively affects the human body: increases immunity, neutralizes toxins, destroys bacteria, helps reduce inflammation, strengthens connective tissue, increases efficiency. All this is very important at the planning stage, because the task of future parents is to get healthier before the pregnancy. In large quantities, vitamin C is found in fresh plants (dog rose, cornelian, black currant, mountain ash, sea buckthorn, citrus fruits, red pepper, horseradish, parsley, green onions, dill, watercress, red cabbage and cabbage, potatoes, vegetable tops) and in medicinal plants (nettle, bud, lover, forest fruits).
Which of you did not hear the statement: & ldquo; as soon as she got pregnant - her teeth & ldquo; flew & rdquo; or & ldquo; showered & rdquo; . . . & rdquo; ? And indeed, necessary for the development of the skeleton and the laying of teeth Vitamin D, with its lack, the fruit & ldquo; suck & rdquo; from the mother. If there was enough of this vitamin in her body, then no one would ever "ldquo; flew & rdquo; , because then it would be enough for both mother and child. To ensure a sufficient amount of vitamin D, you need to take care of its intake in the body long before a tiny little man appears under the heart.
Where can I get it? Most of this vitamin is found in seafood and their derivatives. At least once a week in the diet should be present fish oil, cod liver, Atlantic herring, mackerel, salmon, sardines in oil. In addition, vitamin D is found in eggs, milk, butter, mushrooms, nettles, yarrow, spinach. But in the plant products of vitamin D is practically none.
In contrast, plant products are most rich in vitamin E. Especially unrefined vegetable oils: soybean, cottonseed, sunflower, peanut, corn, sea buckthorn. This vitamin, also called tocopherol, is a potent antioxidant that increases the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to cells, stabilizes cell membranes and has anti-inflammatory action. Its lack in the early stages can lead to miscarriage, so it is very important to provide them with the body in full before the onset of pregnancy.
Pregnancy planning: vitamins for men
When planning a pregnancy, not only should a woman eat properly and take multivitamin complexes. For & ldquo; quality & rdquo; conception of a spouse, too, must undergo a course of vitaminization.
And one of the vitamins that should be given special attention is (as for women) vitamin B9. To the future dad, folic acid intake will not be superfluous, because its deficiency significantly reduces the percentage of healthy spermatozoa. The formation of pathological and abnormally developed spermatozoa can also lead to a shortage of vitamin E. And, doctors say, men should take care of sufficient intake of zinc in their bodies: the daily dose should be at least 15 mg of this trace element. You can additionally take zinc separately as a biological supplement, and it will also be useful to increase its share in the daily diet. First of all, zinc is rich in oysters, heart and liver of chicken, beef liver and meat, turkey, tuna, pumpkin seeds and sunflower, and also contain zinc beans and nuts.
However, do not overdo it with taking vitamins! Keep in mind: an increase in the prescribed dose (this applies to vitamins of synthetic origin) can lead to the opposite effect. For example, to severe intoxication. Especially dangerous is the use of high doses of vitamins D and A.
And finally. . . . Future mums and dads should clearly understand that taking vitamins during pregnancy is necessary, but if the first weeks of embryo development (and they, as we know, are the most important) occur in a state of deficiency of these substances, then further their reception will not help to eliminate the developed complications. That is, most of the complications that develop during pregnancy can be prevented by replenishing the vitamin deficiency in the body of a not yet pregnant woman.
So, prepare a sleigh in the summer, dear future moms and dads!