The abstinence method
This method of protection has 100% efficiency and does not affect lactation at all. It consists in abstaining from sexual relations. But in most cases, unacceptable, because the lack of proximity leads to disharmony in the relationship of the couple. The abstinence method can be used as an intermediate method of prevention.
As is known, in the lactation period the female hormone prolactin is produced by the female body. He is responsible for the productivity of the mammary glands, and also prevents the onset of ovulation. The first six months of the child's life, pediatricians recommend feeding the baby only with breast milk. If you apply the baby to your breast at the first request, and breaks between feedings will be no more than 4 hours in the afternoon and 6 hours at night, then you can adjust the production of prolactin in sufficient quantity to remain "barren" for this period. That is, non-occurrence of ovulation leads to the impossibility of conception. But, given all the conditions of modern life, ecology, nutrition and stress, it is not worthwhile to pin any special hopes on this method. Its effectiveness is only 50-60%, and, using only it, you are not immune from the onset of pregnancy.
Among female barrier contraceptives, the following are known:
- female condoms;
- cervical caps;
The advantage of these methods is the total safety for the child and not the slightest influence on lactation. But still, the use of these funds is associated with sexual intercourse. They must be inserted into the vagina before coition. The female condom can be removed immediately after its termination, and the cap or diaphragm no earlier than 6 hours later. These methods can bring some inconvenience to use, but they can prevent the transmission of certain infections. The effectiveness of the contraceptive with lactational amenorrhea is 80-90%.
Chemical methods of contraception
Creams, jelly, foam aerosols, tablets, candles, films are all spermicides that need to be injected into the vagina before intercourse. In addition to the main effect of the destruction of spermatozoa, these drugs can also fight some bacteria. Depending on the active substance, the effectiveness of this type of contraception reaches 95%. Spermicidal substances act locally and are not absorbed into the flow of blood. Consequently, harm to the baby on breastfeeding, they will not bring. Chemical contraceptives for greater effectiveness are recommended to combine with barrier. A side effect of spermicides can be itching, burning and allergic reactions of the genitals.
For hormonal contraception include combined oral contraceptives and mini-pili. The first is contraindicated for lactating women, since the components that have entered the composition affect the quality and quantity of breast milk. Mini-pili consist of one hormone - progestin, their reception does not affect lactation. Hormonal contraceptives are available in tablet form, come in the form of vaginal rings, uterine spirals, as well as implants that are sutured under the skin. Still there are injectable contraceptives and in the form of patches. Any hormonal drug should be used only after the appointment of a doctor. The active components of these contraceptives have a number of side effects, so their independent designation is highly undesirable. Only a qualified specialist will help you find the right tool for you. The effectiveness of hormonal contraception reaches 97-99%.
This is an effective and reliable tool that can be in the uterine cavity for 3 to 5 years. Then the spiral must be removed or replaced. The contraceptive is put exclusively by the doctor and requires attention. A warning in the use of a spiral is the possibility of its fall. The rest of the method is safe and effective, it does not affect lactation in any way and in 98% of cases it prevents pregnancy.
Voluntary method, which is performed operatively by both women and men. Female sterilization involves ligation of the fallopian tubes, it can be done after uncomplicated birth or by cesarean section. Also, male sterilization is performed with dressing of the vas deferens. This method guarantees 100% efficiency and does not affect lactation. Its drawback is considered irreversible - a woman will never be able to get pregnant by sterilizing.
Biological or natural way
This method of contraception is considered ineffective, and nowadays it is increasingly used for conception, rather than for protection from pregnancy. Being protected in such a way, it is necessary to measure the basal temperature at the same time throughout the menstrual cycle. Its increase will be evidence of ovulation, that is, about the period when it is necessary to refrain from sex. But the temperature indicators are influenced by many factors, also in some women the cycle can be broken, so this method will not please you with its effectiveness, and you can get pregnant again. Although the method does not affect lactation.
Some couples interrupt intercourse, but this method is not reliable. It can also affect the quality of the relationship between a man and a woman, although lactation has no effect.
Choose a suitable contraceptive for yourself, without forgetting to consult your physician. And let your sex life bring you only joy!