Indeed, many on maternity leave rest & hellip; from work. And already from the first days of pregnancy they are interested in the most important question: when go on maternity leave? The same question can be asked and careerists to calculate what they will have time to do on their favorite work before the decree.
Not to be confused concepts
So it was said that by decree we call time spent at home with a child, resting from work. But in the legislation of such term does not exist at all. Leave, which we call "maternity leave," consists of two separate holidays:
- For pregnancy and childbirth;
- Child care.
Regulates the withdrawal of maternity leave Labor Code of the Russian Federation, Article 255. That's where everything is clearly spelled out, in black and white, as they say.
Maternity leave is also divided into two holidays: prenatal and postpartum, but only formally, because payments associated with going to the decree are held all at once, without interruptions.
When, how and for what time go to the decree?
As soon as the doctor notices that the pregnancy has moved to the 30th week, you can immediately run into the long-awaited decree. It is from this period that it is recommended to say goodbye to work and to do everything to prepare for childbirth. In the consultation, where you stand on the account, the gynecologist will give you a sheet of non-labor, which indicates the duration of pregnancy and the date of the expected delivery. It should be submitted at the place of work along with a certificate stating that you are registered before the 12th week of pregnancy, and also together with a generic certificate containing three coupons. Many women before the maternity leave take an annual legal leave at work, that is, in fact you can go on a decree even on the 25th week of pregnancy, if the duration of your vacation at work is 5 weeks, for example.
How many days you spend on maternity leave depends on many nuances. At usual pregnancy prenatal leave makes 70 calendar days. Multiple pregnancy gives you the right to rest until labor for 84 days, and if you are exposed to radiation, living on radioactively contaminated territories, then for as long as 90 calendar days.
The duration of postpartum leave is determined by birth. If they are normal (without complications), then after them you can rest from work 70 calendar days. If the birth took place with complications - 86 days. Happy mothers of twins will count 110 days of postpartum leave. For premature births up to 30 weeks (if the child is born alive) there are 156 days of postpartum leave, and if the child was born dead - then 86.
With the adoption of the newborn, you also have the right to postnatal leave: 70 days from the date of birth kid, and 110 days from the date of birth, if you adopt two or more children.
You need to know!
Maternity leave must be paid from social insurance funds, and if you are an entrepreneur or an unemployed person, then the insurance fund or social services will pay you a pension. After the maternity leave, as well as after the childcare leave, you can go on an annual paid vacation if you wish. And you can completely abandon the maternity leave, since you have the full right to do this. There are many cases where women successfully gave birth "on the job": today at work with a paunch, and a couple of days off - without it.
Once your maternity leave is over, you can write an application for a childcare leave before you reach the age of 3. For this period, you retain the place of work and office, the time of the decree is included in the total and continuous work experience and in the length of service in the specialty. However, you can at any time of the decree go to work on a part-time basis, then you still have a compulsory childcare allowance. If you went on the whole bet, then the payments for the care of the child are removed.
And the most important point! Pregnant women and women on maternity leave can not be dismissed, as they are protected by the Labor Code. The law also prohibits reducing wages "because of pregnancy". At the same time, overtime work, business trips, work on weekends and at night - you also do not threaten, the law says.
Do not twist, and the time of the decree is golden. With the first child, I personally was not able to enjoy this happiness, but I waited for the second decree long before the onset of pregnancy.
Do not miss the chance to stay on the decree. Many will say: a career? Maybe & hellip; but only 20 years later, journalism will remain a journalism (albeit with changes), but the children's years go away irrevocably and most of all we need the crumb exactly in the first three years, how not to twist.
Happy you maternity leave!