How does it all begin?
Even on a small pregnancy, a woman notices that her breasts begin to swell and increase. And when pressing on the nipple in late pregnancy, a white liquid appears from it. This is colostrum, which is prepared in the chest as the first food for a newborn baby. It is produced in the mammary glands colostrum only a few days after delivery. It is very high in calories and contains a large number of nutrients. Due to the fact that the stomach volume of the newborn is small, small portions of colostrum will be enough for its nutrition and satiety. In the first-born colostrum, it is produced from 3 to 6 days after birth, and in the case of re-borne, 2-4 days. The volume and term of production of colostrum depends on the characteristics of the organism, the stresses and the course of the delivery itself.
How does milk appear?
As the stomach of the newborn increases, milk production in the mammary glands of the mother increases, and its composition also changes. But these processes do not depend on each other. There are cases, when after giving birth milk from a woman is not produced at all. In the case of a successful postpartum period, for 6-10 days, the proteins contained in the colostrum are replaced with fats, and the percentage of water increases. Mature breast milk is 85-90% water, which explains the recommendation for breastfeeding not to give the child to drink.
During lactation, the woman herself is able to notice when she started producing milk. The process will be accompanied by a feeling of filling and bursting in the chest, with a large amount of milk can flow from the nipples.
Applying to the breast and the process of feeding affect lactation. The correct position of the baby stimulates the production of milk. If the child sucks the breast and does not pinch the glands, the milk comes with the necessary intensity.
With each single feeding, you can distinguish between "front" and "back" milk. That is, first the baby uses the first, then the second product. "Front" milk is at the exit from the chest, that is, near the nipples. It consists of a large amount of water and carbohydrates and has a bluish tinge. And the "rear" milk is thicker and greasy. It is much more nutritious and has a white with a yellowish hue. Both products are useful and necessary for the development and growth of the child. With regular application of crumbs to the breast, the female body is able to produce milk for a long time. More often than not, women complete breastfeeding at 1-1, 5-year-old child. But cases of feeding up to three years and older are not uncommon.
How do you know if enough baby's milk is enough for a child?
With frequent crying of a baby, every mother worries about whether he is hungry, because the little one does not talk at all, and it is impossible to ask about it. But at an early age, children cry for various reasons, most often it happens from intestinal colic. In order to find out if milk is enough for a crumb, whether it is eating, it is necessary to observe it, to make an assessment of its development and growth:
- Pay attention to the number of urination per day. If diapers are more often dry than wet, then it's worth considering dehydration, which happens when there is insufficient milk production.
- The frequency and quality of the newborn's stool can also tell about lactation. It is known that the first feces of the child is black, with time it turns green, turns yellow and takes on a mustard tint. Constipation in a newborn can also indicate a small amount of breast milk from a nursing mother.
- The child must gain weight. It does not have to be weighed daily, but after a few days the gain must be there. Normal is 10-15 attachments to the breast for a day. It is better to feed the baby on demand than on the schedule. This method is more useful for the child.
How to stimulate lactation and not stop it after childbirth?
Certainly, breast milk is the best food for the newborn. It contains a large number of nutritional components that not only help the crumb to develop, but also protect it from many diseases. Therefore, it is extremely important for the mother to take care of her lactation, so as not to reduce it. Help such advice:
- Prevent and avoid the development of stressful situations. Let relatives try to surround you with only positive emotions.
- A full and rational diet is needed to produce enough milk. Also do not forget about the daily rate of the liquid, which should not be less than 1.5 liters.
- Often put the baby to the breast - and it will be calm, and for lactation it is useful. Especially it is more often to put the baby to that breast, in which there is less milk.
- Make sure that the baby grabbed the nipple correctly, and it was also convenient for him.
- Massage the mammary glands to prevent caking in them and take a contrast shower.
- Organize a daily full rest and sleep.
- Take care of various diseases, do not visit places of mass congestion.
If you notice that you have decreased the amount of milk, be sure to consult an obstetrician or breastfeeding specialist. To strengthen lactation will help decoctions of fennel, anise, dill, cumin. Medicinal herbs not only have a beneficial effect on the production of milk, but also help combat diarrheal disorders in the child. Calculate the dose and multiplicity of medications you will help a qualified specialist. Do not engage in self-medication - because you are now in the answer not only for yourself, but also for your child.