As a rule, most couples, violating medical recommendations, resume their intimate life before the recommended time, and in fact the probability of getting pregnant during this period is too high. That is why the question of contraceptives must be solved immediately after discharge from the hospital, and even better - during pregnancy.
Methods of protection from unplanned pregnancy after childbirth
Discuss with a doctor the question of methods of contraception, of course, it is advisable even in the period of bearing the baby. If for some reason this did not happen, do not worry, because you can discuss this topic with the doctor of the maternity hospital. In any case, without consulting a gynecologist can not do. Independently choosing contraceptives during breastfeeding, you risk not only your health, but the child. After all, many of them can adversely affect lactation and, accordingly, the baby's well-being.
During the lactation period, the woman is allowed to use the following methods of contraception:
- Barrier, that is, the use of condoms. A classic method of protection from an unplanned pregnancy, but if misused, it does not give a 100% guarantee.
- Oral (taking hormonal drugs) - is prescribed exclusively by a specialist, since not all of the existing drugs are allowed during the GW period.
- The installation of an intrauterine device is the most popular method after delivery. The main advantages of the IUD are safety and long-term results (up to 5 years).
Which spiral is better to put after delivery?
To date, there is a wide range of gynecological devices. They differ in quality, form, composition. The choice largely depends on the cost and, of course, the individual characteristics of the female body.
The spiral rod contains active substances, they provide protection against unplanned pregnancy, and thanks to the form (T-shaped, ring-shaped, etc.), the contraceptive device is held inside the uterine cavity.
So, there are two main types of spirals:
- Non-pharmacological - are made of polyethylene and contain a metal (platinum, silver, etc.);
- medicamentous (contain copper ions and progesterone) - in addition to the contraceptive effect have a positive effect on the ovulatory period, the structure of the endometrium, etc. In addition, such devices rarely provoke complications and are better fixed in the uterine cavity. However, there is a minus. Because of the rapid depletion of active components, they must be replaced after 1-3 years.
Choose the most optimal type of spiral without consulting a doctor is unrealistic. Therefore, if you decide to think about this form of contraception, be sure to consult a gynecologist. The specialist, having studied your anamnesis, will be able to choose the most effective and reliable form of gynecological adaptation.
Features of the IUD installation
The intrauterine device is installed or withdrawn only in a clinical setting and only by a gynecologist. Before the presentation, the patient must pass the examination and take the tests. Only in the absence of contraindications the doctor will be able to determine the date of the placement of the Navy. Usually the procedure is performed during menstruation. But since the newly mummified cycle has not yet been fully restored, the installation can be carried out at any time. If the birth has passed without complications, then it can happen as early as 6-7 weeks after the birth of the crumbs. Otherwise (for example, with caesarean section), the procedure will have to be postponed for six months.
Establishment of the IUD passes quickly and almost painlessly. The expiration date of the gynecological adaptation depends on the quality of the manufacture, it can be a year, and maybe eight children. But this does not mean that the spiral should be worn as much as indicated in the instructions. If desired, it can be retrieved and ahead of schedule.
In the first days after the procedure, the doctor will definitely recommend to refrain from sexual intercourse and exclude physical activity, and also not to use tampons and refuse to visit the sauna or sauna. In the future, the IUD will not cause discomfort, and the woman will be able to calmly return to the usual way of life. However, after 10 days, and then again 6 weeks after the installation, it is necessary to show the doctor to make sure that the spiral is fixed correctly and there are no complications. In the future, visits to the doctor should be made in a regular manner - twice a year. However, if there are any alarming symptoms (menstruation, stomach ache, fever, or no spiral cord feel) - go immediately to the gynecologist.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Navy
Discussing the varieties of the Navy and the principle of their installation, one can not help but recall the positive and negative aspects of this method. Advantages of the IUD are:
- safety during lactation;
- long shelf life;
- 99% of the contraceptive effect;
- Do not break the habitual life;
- Devices containing progesterone, reduce pain and shorten the duration of monthly discharges;
The disadvantages of the IUD include:
- discomfort and spotting for the first two weeks after installation;
- long and plentiful monthly in the first three months after the procedure;
- The device provides a contraceptive result, but does not protect against infections;
- after the establishment of the spiral, there may be sudden changes in mood, skin reactions and a decrease in sexual desire.
Despite all the shortcomings, intrauterine spirals are considered the most effective and safe method of contraception in the postpartum period. But do not forget, that the effectiveness of their action depends not only on the professionalism of the doctor, but also on an attentive attitude towards one's health.