X-ray of the tooth during pregnancy

X-ray of the tooth during pregnancy - is it harmful or not?

In a word, there is a high probability that during the period of bearing the baby you will have to go to the dentist and, perhaps, have a choice: do x-rays of the tooth during pregnancy or not.

There is no unanimity between the dentists themselves in this matter. While some of them reassure their patients that the modern X-ray of the tooth during pregnancy does not harm either the woman or the child, others continue to uphold the point of view that has been established over the years: there is no harmless X-ray.

Each specialist will have his own reasons why he speaks and thinks like this, and not otherwise. And on whose side to cling, agitated future mother can be difficult to solve.

Modern methods are completely safe

Recently, more and more dentists suggest the passage of X-rays of teeth to pregnant women, when they come to their reception. The snapshot definitely has a number of advantages over the treatment of the tooth "blindly". Not every dentist has the gift of clairvoyance to be firmly sure where and how the channels run and what is happening in this aching tooth. It is better to do an X-ray and do the work at once qualitatively than to then open the seals and re-torment the tooth, the patient, and myself as well.

Perhaps, it's hard not to agree with this, but not when a pregnant woman comes to the dentist. After all, let the dose of irradiation be minimal, yet pregnancy is not a time for experiments and such influences. At least that's what they always thought.

But today this view is undergoing some changes. Since dentists began to appear in dental offices, dental specialists offer a tooth X-ray to pregnant women without any particular fears and explain why.

First, the beam of the electronic radiovisiograph is narrowly focused: it passes only through a specific tooth, not extending to nearby tissues and patches. Secondly, the ray transmitted through the tooth can in no way get into the stomach or somehow affect the life developing within it. Thirdly, the device emits microdoses (the effect lasts literally a fraction of a second), equal to the normal radiation background. Moreover, experts argue that the dose of radiation received while staying under the rays of the summer sun exceeds what the viziograph emits, so there is no need to speak about harm in principle. And, fourthly, what we have already mentioned: the x-ray of the tooth during pregnancy allows the dentist to perform the work from the first time qualitatively (although practice, unfortunately, shows that this is not always the case).

In support of their point of view, dentists provide simple mathematical calculations. X-rays are really unsafe for the unborn child. But, according to scientific data, the fetal developmental defect occurs in 4-5% of cases only at a radiation dose of 1 rad. If you take a few shots in a row to cover the entire oral cavity (in practice, this need does not arise), the woman will receive irradiation at 0, 0001 rad.

And modern equipment generally allows you to X-ray your teeth during pregnancy even without the use of special protection. But not all dentists believe in absolute safety (although the dose of irradiation is at least minimal, but not equal to zero) and in the old manner it is recommended to postpone dental treatment to the postpartum period if the situation can wait.

But it's better to refrain from X-rays

American scientists have conducted studies, on the basis of which they came to the conclusion that the passage of a tooth X-ray during pregnancy at 5% potentially increases the risk of a child with underweight .

Not all colleagues agree with the Americans, but still many dental professionals prefer to be reinsured once again. The fact is that it has not been scientifically proven that a tooth X-ray during pregnancy is really harmless. Similarly, on the contrary - that it brings certain harm. Therefore, passing the X-ray by default is considered relatively safe. However, especially cautious dentists try to stop such diagnostics as much as possible, if time suffers.

The human factor also plays a role here: if a child with a X-ray in a stomatology clinic has something to happen in the future, then it is possible that the X-ray harmlessness will have to be proven in the ship's order.


It is advisable to resort to x-rays and dental treatment during pregnancy only if the focus of inflammation threatens the development of an infection in the oral cavity (this definitely has certain harm to the fetus). The specialist decides separately in each individual case. If treatment is necessary, then it is best for this to choose the second trimester of pregnancy (after the 16th week).

You must definitely warn the staff of the stomatology clinic about your pregnancy, even just probable. In the case of passing through the X-ray of the tooth, it is necessary to use a special protection - a lead apron that covers the area of ??the chest, abdomen and pelvis, creating armor for X-rays.

If your city has a visionographer, it is better to pass the diagnosis on it. Unlike obsolete devices, it allows you to take up to 15 pictures at a time without harm to the body (of course, it is not at all necessary that there will be a need for this), since it emits a dose 10 times smaller than the usual radiographs.

Well, of course, the best is to properly care for the oral cavity and provide the body with a sufficient amount of calcium (preferably natural, plant origin), so that the question of whether it is possible to do a roentgen tooth during pregnancy, you did not stand. Be healthy!

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