After extracorporeal fertilization, three types of vaginal discharge are normal: physiological, conditioned by the taken medications and indicative of implantation.
The first have such characteristics:
- Absence of smell.
- A homogeneous consistency.
- Absence of itching and hyperemia on the genitals.
- Whitish stains on the laundry after they have dried.
After taking progesterone preparations, these secretions change their character and become more dense, that is, they already have denser veins. Their color is no longer transparent, but creamy or yellowish. This type of isolation is acquired with the beginning of the use of future mother support drugs, and when they are abolished immediately disappear.
Small bleeding is indicative of implantation. But it is statistically characterized by only 30% of women. The reason for this bleeding is a small lesion of the uterine arteries, when the embryo is attached to the wall of the uterus. The color of the discharge may be pale pink or brownish. Regarding the quantity, then this may be one woman a few drops, and the other - a small spot. Implantation can be accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen.
Pathological discharge always alarms a woman. These include mucus with an unpleasant odor of greenish color; itchy cheesy discharge; bloody for a period of 14 days after embryo transfer.
Greenish and unpleasant smelling discharge is a symptom of bacterial vaginosis. More often, vaginosis is characteristic of late pregnancy, but it may also appear at 2-4 weeks of gestation. Therefore, the emergence of this type of discharge requires a woman to turn to a reproductive health professional. He will select corrective drugs to ensure that vaginosis does not cause the fading of pregnancy.
Cottage cheese is most often a symptom of vaginal candidiasis (thrush). And the reason is that an increase in the level of sex hormones leads to the production of mucus with a low acidity. In addition, the concentration of glucose increases in the endometrium. Therefore, there is fertile soil for candidiasis. With thrush, the secretions are characterized by a pronounced acid-milk smell, itching, they are abundant, heterogeneous in consistency. In this case, there are never pains in the lower abdomen. It is impossible to be engaged in independent treatment of a thrush at EKO.
The most dangerous type of discharge after embryo transfer are bloody. They can be a disturbing sign, indicative of detachment of the fetal egg, and hence, the threat of termination of pregnancy. Most likely, the reasons for this were inadequate support for hormonal drugs, viability of the embryo or simply rejection of a frozen pregnancy. In this case, the secretions do not smell, their consistency is liquid, the amount at first can be small, and then abundant. A feature of them can be the pulling character of the pains in the lower abdomen. Such spotting can begin at any time. If such secretions are found, the reproductive health specialist should be contacted urgently and the first step in diagnosing the condition will be the passage of an ultrasound. Further, depending on what the result will be, further treatment of the woman is carried out either permanently or out-patiently.
To save and endure a child after in vitro fertilization, a woman must listen to her health and control the discharge, be able to recognize by their nature the danger and threat to the life of the fetus. This will help in time to take the necessary measures.