Anemia in pregnancy

Anemia in pregnancy - signs, symptoms, treatment

Than anemia is dangerous in pregnancy

Anemia often occurs in the second half of pregnancy, its peak reaches between 29 and 36 weeks. This is explained by the fact that during pregnancy the need for iron is unusually increasing, because this element is necessary for the production of hemoglobin, which is required by both the future mother and the fetus. If iron is consumed at a faster rate than enters the body of a pregnant woman, anemia occurs, which necessarily requires treatment. The fact is that if the anemia is not "eliminated", very unfortunate consequences are possible. Among them - the development of toxicosis of the second half of pregnancy, an increased risk of premature birth. In this case, the generic process can be accompanied by heavy bleeding, because anemia disrupts the function of blood coagulability. After giving birth, "not treated" anemia can remind oneself of a decrease in milk production. For the baby, iron deficiency in the mother's body is dangerous due to a delay in intrauterine development due to inadequate supply of oxygen and nutrients. In addition, the risk of fetal hypoxia and hypotrophy is significantly increased. A baby can be born weak, underweight, with a weak immune system, and therefore more prone to infectious diseases.

Symptoms of anemia in pregnancy

So, the fact that anemia requires compulsory treatment is a fact. In addition to the fact that the disease is fraught with consequences, it also greatly affects the general condition of the pregnant woman.

So, satellites of anemia become weakness, fatigue, dry skin, dizziness; with more severe forms - hair loss, palpitations and frequent fainting. This - the so-called anemic signs associated with a reduced amount of hemoglobin in the blood and caused by oxygen starvation, as well as a decrease in the amount of energy produced.

Another conditional group of symptoms of anemia is called sideropenic. They can manifest themselves against the background of violations of the functions of enzymes, the component of which is iron. There are sideropenic signs of anemia in pregnancy following conditions: dryness and increased skin peeling, its pallor, the appearance of cracks and "zayed" in the corners of the lips, dry and brittle hair. In addition, a sign of anemia may be a certain "deviation-perversion" of the woman's tastes: when neither from that nor from that future mother suddenly wants to eat chalk or soil, raw fruits (for example, potatoes), which was not observed before pregnancy.

Treatment of anemia in pregnancy

For the prevention, and the treatment of anemia, in the diet of a pregnant woman must necessarily be present products that include iron and proteins of animal origin. First of all, this meat, liver and fish, dairy and sour-milk products, a large number of vegetables and fruits, some of which must be eaten raw (carrots, apples, cabbage), buckwheat porridge. But, as one diet to eliminate anemia can not do, in addition to full-value nutrition for the treatment of resort to iron-containing drugs, which for the fetus are absolutely safe. The fact is that iron deficiency can not be compensated exclusively with food products: if only slightly more than 6% of iron is absorbed from food, then the drugs ensure the intake of about 30-40% of this element in the body.

Treatment with these or other drugs is appointed individually, as a rule, the doctor gives preference to tablets or dragees, which must be taken inside. The duration of treatment is several months, although the increase in hemoglobin begins approximately from 2 to 3 weeks. Despite, that the level of hemoglobin gradually stabilizes, this by no means means that the iron reserves in the body have already been filled. Therefore, interrupt treatment with the first favorable changes is by no means recommended. After 2-3 months the doctor simply reduces the dose of the drug taken in half - thus, the prevention of anemia and its consequences for the pregnant woman and the baby continues.

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