Artificial insemination

How is artificial insemination done?

By artificial insemination, more than 3 million babies were born all over the world. Their parents found long-awaited happiness, which otherwise would be inaccessible to them. But very many pairs of "unnatural" conception are very alarming: scientists talk about the undesirable consequences of artificial insemination during the development of the child.

Facts and speculation

Methods of artificial insemination have not been sufficiently studied due to their "youth". Swedish scientists were the first to talk about differences in the development of artificial children. They claim that "test tube babies" are significantly more at risk of malignancies in childhood. They were more likely to have intrauterine malformations and Down's syndrome. However, it is stipulated that this is most likely due to unsettled pathologies in the mothers' mothers.

Later, scientists from Atlanta found that the risk of many birth defects (such as valvular heart defects, "hare lip", "wolf mouth"), in children conceived through artificial insemination, 30% higher. At the same time, they emphasize that in the overwhelming majority of cases such babies are born absolutely healthy.

Much is also said about the fact that children born in this way often have difficulties with procreation, reaching reproductive age. But many scientists discredit such myths. The first "artificial" girl Louise Brown gave birth to a healthy child. The other children, conceived with the help of IC, are still too young to become parents.

Regarding possible anomalies, pathologies, abnormalities and other complications in development, their likelihood is not less and not greater in comparison with children conceived in a natural way. And some doctors believe that the babies conceived in this way are even smarter and calmer, because they are too long-awaited, parents are especially attentive to their psyche and health and devote much more of their time, love, warmth and affection to them.

So all these conjectures and conjectures, as if artificial insemination negatively affects the development of the child, can be considered unfounded. If you dream of parenting and artificial insemination for you - the only chance, then be sure to use it and be happy!

Artificial insemination is only one of the possible ways to become pregnant, you do not need to look for non-existent risks. More precisely, in this case, they do not exceed the average. So with God!

How does artificial insemination occur?

The whole process is quite long, because it consists of several periods. At the initial stage, future parents must undergo a full comprehensive medical examination and prepare for conception in the best possible way.

Then the woman is prescribed hormonal drugs (their choice is made taking into account the data obtained during the survey), which are designed to stimulate ovulation.

Hormones promote the maturation of several eggs at once. When this time comes, from the follicles using a special needle, female sex cells are extracted, ready for fertilization. The procedure lasts for a few minutes and is performed under anesthesia, so there are absolutely no grounds for feelings and fear!

The extracted eggs are immediately placed in sterile test tubes, in which conditions favorable for their life are maintained. Here, the "selected" spermatozoa will be populated to accomplish their main mission. Such "casting" of the sex cells of men and women help to select the strongest and most viable of them, to increase the chances of success.

After the fertilization, if the embryo is all right, it will be implanted into the uterus, where it will continue its growth and development. A woman will be prescribed maintenance medication to exclude or minimize possible risks of rejection of the fetus. Such a baby is born in the same ways as in other women. Certainly, the future mother is under more strict supervision of the doctor. But this is not to her detriment.

By the way, there is an erroneous opinion that with artificial conception there will certainly be a multiple pregnancy. Not necessary. But this is still very likely - not less than 60%. This is explained by the fact that several embryos are placed in the uterus for greater reliability, but their number should be coordinated with future parents.

Methods of artificial insemination

However, everything will not necessarily happen this way. The essence of in vitro fertilization, more commonly known as IVF, is outlined briefly. This conception is "in vitro". But the main goal can be realized in a different scenario, depending on the specific method of artificial insemination: intrauterine insemination (VMI) - in a fertile day, viable spermatozoa are injected into the uterine cavity, where the further fertilization of the ovum and embryo implantation;

  • Insemination with donor sperm (ISD) - is carried out in a similar manner to the previous method, but is used in cases when the spouse of a spouse is not suitable for insemination;
  • GIFT and ZIFT-the sex cells of future parents selected for fertilization are placed in the fallopian tubes, where all further processes (conception and travel of the zygote to the uterus for implantation) occur naturally;
  • in vitro fertilization (IVF) - occurs outside the mother's body, ready-made embryos are placed in the uterus; this is the most expensive of all methods.
  • Each of these methods is used in different situations for different types of infertility.

    In addition, there are so-called auxiliary reproductive technologies (ART) used in extreme, especially severe cases:

    • surrogate motherhood (in which a woman carries a fetus that is biologically child other parents);
    • ECO with the implantation of donor embryos,
    • the use of cryospermatozoa and cryoembryons (pre-frozen),
    • ICSI (introduction of the spermatozoon selected for fertilization directly into the body of the oocyte).

    Finally, we add: mothers and fathers, who became parents through artificial insemination, are insanely happy. The same couples who are still in doubt, do not have this gift. But they should know that after 30 years, it becomes increasingly difficult for a woman to conceive even in this way.

    Read more: