Bacteria in the urine during pregnancy

Bacteria in urine during pregnancy - causes, norm, treatment

What do bacteria in the urine say

The presence of bacteria in the urine is called bacteriuria. To denote this phenomenon in the period of bearing a child, there is even a special term - "bacteriuria of pregnant women".

Normally, the human urinary system should be clean - without any foreign microorganisms. If bacteria appear in the urine, it means that the system is infected. In the future, bacteria in the urine means the development of inflammatory processes in the kidneys. First of all - pyelonephritis and cystitis, the risk of development of which during pregnancy significantly increases.

Neither for the pregnant woman, nor for the fruit of benefit from this there is no, but a lot of harm. Especially for the developing baby. The threat increases in the case of so-called asymptomatic bacteriuria, when infection passes unnoticed without special symptoms, and therefore often can not be detected in advance.

Both pyelonephritis and bacteriuria as its sign are a frequent cause of spontaneous spontaneous abortions and premature births. In most cases, E. coli is found in urine (in 80% of cases), although there are other bacteria: klebsiella, enterobacter, proteus, fecal enterococcus, staphylococci and streptococci.

Where are the bacteria?

The causes of bacteriuria during pregnancy can be many. During this period, a woman creates many favorable conditions for the stagnation of urine and the development of bacteria in her. Do not forget about the ever growing uterus, which puts pressure on the kidneys and to some extent prevents their normal work. This can also contribute to hormonal changes, the physiological characteristics of the future mother (in particular, the proximity of the urethra to the rectum, the short urethra). Women who lead a disordered sex life with a frequent change of partners, improperly observing personal hygiene, having sexually transmitted diseases and having chronic illnesses, diabetes mellitus, or urinary system pathology are highly prone to the risk of developing bacteria in the urine during pregnancy . However, even caries and a drop in immunity can cause bacteria in the urine of a pregnant woman.

What should I do if bacteria are in the urine?

Bacteriuria during pregnancy is a common phenomenon, and often it occurs in women before pregnancy. Nevertheless, this diagnosis is put to future mothers 5 times more often than to non-pregnant women. But the prevalence of the disease does not mean its harmlessness. If bacteriuria is confirmed (for which a urine sample is repeated), then it should be treated, because the next stage in its development, as we have said, is urinary tract infection and increased risk associated with childbirth and childbirth.

In view of the high likelihood of developing bacteriuria in pregnancy, it is recommended that when a woman is registered, a screening examination should be performed, with obligatory urine testing for bacteria.

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