Characteristics of the drug
Levomycetin is produced in the form of tablets, alcohol solution and in the form of eye drops. The main active substance of the latter is chloramphenicol. Levomycetin is an antibacterial agent that exerts bacteriostatic action against harmful microorganisms. The mechanism of action of drops is that they disrupt protein synthesis in microbial cells. Levomycetin is considered a highly effective drug against microorganisms that are insensitive to tetracyclines, penicillin, sulfanilamide preparations. With the help of this medicine, destroy intestinal and hemophilic rods, staphylococcus, shigella, neiseria, salmonella, proteus, chlamydia, pale treponema.
Levomycetin is perfectly absorbed. In the tissues of the human body is distributed evenly. It is excreted with feces.
Use of Levomycetin during pregnancy
The drug is prescribed to combat infectious diseases caused by microorganisms that exhibit sensitivity to chloramphenicol.
Eye drops Levomycetin is prescribed for the treatment of conjunctivitis in pregnancy after examination with the eye doctor. And although with such treatment the signs of an illness disappear very quickly, literally in 2-3 days, you can not prescribe medicine yourself.
Pregnant women can use only drops of Levomycetin. Tablets can not be treated. The use of drops is allowed because the minimum dose of the main active substance gets into the eyes, it is practically not absorbed into the blood, that is, in this case the risk of negative influence on the future baby is reduced to zero.
If we talk about the tablet form of the drug, it penetrates through the tissues, including through the placenta, negatively affecting the baby. Therefore, during the gestation of the child should refrain from taking the tablet form of Levomycetin. In pregnancy, it is recommended to use alternative drugs that have a lesser effect on the baby, which develops in the womb.
Method of applying drops
Instruction to the drug informs that instillation should be carried out in the conjunctival eye bag one drop every four hours. The treatment course should not last more than 14 days. If a pregnant woman has inflammation expressed very strongly, then this medicine can be dripped every hour.
In each case, the dosage is determined by the eye doctor, depending on the degree of the disease, its neglect. If a pregnant woman wears contact lenses, they must be removed before using the medication. And only after 30 minutes after the procedure to put on again.
Side effects and limitations in the use of drops
So, Levomycetin tablets can not be taken during pregnancy or lactation.
Do not use any form of medication for such pathologies: hypersensitivity to it; disorders in hematopoiesis, since the drug has a toxic effect on the process; skin ailments; insufficiency of liver and kidney functions.
It should be noted that this medicine is not always normally tolerated by pregnant women. Sometimes the occurrence of such side effects: itching, skin rashes, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, irritability, depression.
But most often when using Levomycetin drops in women may appear local negative reactions. This burning, itchy eyelids, increased lachrymation, redness of the conjunctiva. If the eye drops are used for a long time, then development of disturbances in the functioning of the circulatory system is possible. It's about thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and anemia. As we see, the drug is not so innocuous. Therefore, appoint it to pregnant women should only an ophthalmologist.