Hemorrhoids refers to vascular disease: it is inflammation and widening of the veins or vascular plexuses located in the rectal area. In ordinary life, hemorrhoids, as a rule, become the consequence of sedentary work and malnutrition, which contributes to frequent constipation. Hemorrhoids after childbirth occurs usually due to some other objective reasons, and there are several prerequisites.
First of all, hemorrhoids after birth, doctors explain the stagnation of blood in the veins of the small pelvis. This is due to the fact that the ever growing uterus gradually compresses the veins, disrupting the normal outflow of blood. Not the least role is played in the development of hemorrhoids and hormonal restructuring: progesterone, produced in excess in the body of a future mother, promotes the relaxation of all organs, and at the same time vessels. Venous walls, relaxed under the influence of progesterone, stretch much easier. In addition to blood vessels, it relaxes progesterone and intestines, thereby disrupting normal emptying. It is through the fault of progesterone that pregnant women often suffer from constipation, which leads to hardening of stools, forcing a woman to push. Feces, in turn, "contribute" to the growth of vascular plexuses: they help stretch their walls. Do not discount the inherent lifestyle of many pregnant women - lack of physical activity also leads to stagnation of blood in the organs and vessels of the pelvis, which in the future, in conjunction with all other factors, is the trigger for the manifestation of hemorrhoids.
Despite the fact that the hemorrhoids after the birth can be either external (with the cervical or prolapse of the part of the rectum through the anus in the form of a nodule), and internal, even its first manifestations unequivocally give the woman about herself know. Hemorrhoids after delivery are characterized by itching and burning in the anus, the inability of a normal bowel movement associated with this discomfort. Already such symptoms should become an occasion for an urgent consultation with a specialist, because, in the absence of undue attention, the problem will only worsen. And then the appearance of a hemorrhoidal "bump" can not be avoided, and with it - and pain during defecation, and the appearance of blood and mucus during emptying.
The doctor prescribes the scheme of treatment after appropriate examination, based on the severity of the disease, symptoms and individual characteristics of the woman. Unauthorized treatment of hemorrhoids after pregnancy is unacceptable: during breastfeeding with the use of any medication you need to be very, very cautious, because almost all of them have the ability to penetrate into breast milk and have an effect on the baby. Therefore, to take medicines from hemorrhoids is necessary only on the recommendation of a specialist, clearly following the instructions and adhering to the treatment regimen.
For effective treatment, first of all, it is necessary to adjust the diet: it should contain as many products that contain fiber. The basis of the diet should be vegetables and fruits, as well as coarse bread, dried fruits, lean meat and fish. In the meantime, foods that cause excessive gassing will have to be excluded from the diet: taboos are superimposed on cabbage, beans, and black bread. To treat hemorrhoids proceeded in its turn, you should not allow constipation, for which if necessary, apply oily enemas and laxatives. During the emptying of the intestine, it is inadmissible to press so as not to provoke the loss of vascular plexuses. Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene and so is a necessity, and if it is also diagnosed with hemorrhoids after childbirth - doubly: after each defecation it is necessary to wash with cool water, and the area of ??the anus is wiped with a cold damp cloth. Quite often cold lotions become a rescue from pain, along with them - and ointments prescribed by the doctor and rectal suppositories used as anesthetics.
However, preventive measures are the decisive factor in preventing hemorrhoids after childbirth. It is known that any disease is easier to prevent, than then, already developed, to treat. Prevention of hemorrhoids should begin already during pregnancy. And to preventive measures, experts include: adherence to diet, prevention of constipation, physical activity, avoidance of prolonged stay on legs, standing position.