It's not a secret that during pregnancy, the hormonal background of a woman is changing, and this is quite natural. After the birth of the child, an "inverse process" should occur, and the hormonal background should return to normal. However, he will be able to fully normalize only after the woman stops breastfeeding, because of the level of prolactin (hormone, responsible for production and the amount of milk) depends on the intensity of production of other hormones. After the woman has finished breastfeeding, the level of prolactin decreases, and the body starts producing progesterone and estrogen - the hormones on which the menstrual cycle depends. That is, the organism returns to its main task - the ability to reproduce the offspring.
The level of prolactin in the body of a pregnant woman rises gradually throughout pregnancy. And therefore, by the time the baby is born, the body is fully ready for milk production. Accordingly, ending the lactation period, a woman should take care to also gradually reduce the concentration of prolactin.
Normally, the hormonal background of the mother is restored within 1-2 months after the end of the lactation period, but in some cases, menstruation can resume even while breastfeeding. However, "normally" is not always obtained, because the production of hormones is a rather delicate mechanism, and it depends on many factors:
- the regime of a woman's day - on the possibility of her full rest (or constant lack of sleep);
- diet of her nutrition during feeding grand after its completion (it should not drastically and drastically change, it must contain all the components and trace elements necessary for recovery);
- Momochka's psychoemotional state;
- from the way the birth took place (as far as they were light or pathological);
- whether the woman had viral diseases during pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- environmental situation in the place of residence.
And this is not all factors that can affect the normal restoration of the hormonal background after childbirth. But also listed above - the most common reasons - is enough to see that hormonal failures in the postpartum period - not uncommon, and this can affect practically all processes of the life of a woman (in particular, her sexual life).
How to determine if there are violations of the hormonal background?
The appearance of crumbs in the family dictates a number of new conditions for the woman and, of course, that while the young mother begins to experience overloads and is very tired, her mood and mood can change drastically. But it is worthwhile to be alerted if her blood pressure rises, dizziness often occurs, and swelling occurs. Often it is pregnancy and childbirth that are the "trigger mechanism" of various endocrine diseases.
There are a number of signs that indicate a hormonal failure in the body:
- fast fatigue, frequent depression, tearfulness or "unmotivated" manifestations of aggression. This can be caused by a low level of estrogen - a youth hormone and a positive mood;
- Insomnia (or short, anxious, with frequent sleep awakenings) - can be associated with a sharp drop in the level of progesterone, because it is responsible for relaxation, and when it is not enough - we experience overexcitation;
- problems with breastfeeding: lack of milk or refusal to feed the baby or sudden milk rushes may be due to insufficient or excessive levels of prolactin;
- increased sweating;
- rapid increase (obesity) or weight loss with normal nutrition - the "culprits" can be thyroid hormones;
- hair loss, rashes on the skin, dental problems;
- Irregular, painful, too abundant and lasting longer than 7 days of menstruation;
- painful sensations during intercourse.
The appearance of the above signs indicates the need for specialist advice, and the sooner a woman turns to a doctor-endocrinologist, the faster it will be possible to prevent serious consequences.
To determine the level of the hormonal background it will be necessary to pass a blood test for hormones. Based on the results of the analysis, the doctor will be able to determine the general well-being of the woman, the state of her organs and systems. At the same time, not every woman, if any deviations are detected, are immediately given hormonal preparations, as in most cases hormonal background can be adjusted without special medications.
What can help restore the hormonal background?
By listing the main reasons that can affect the normal restoration of the hormonal background during the period of lactation, we have already mentioned that a woman should not fundamentally change her eating habits and lifestyle. It is necessary at least some more time to rest, to be outdoors, and also to eat properly and properly.
However strange it may sound, sometimes nutrition can play a cruel joke in the normalization of the hormonal background: when hormones are ready to be produced, but they lack some elements (for example, protein, iodine, iron), there is no "building material". And in such cases, in order to normalize the hormonal background, it is enough just to adjust the diet:
- Normalize the synthesis of sex hormones will help foods high in cholesterol and rich in Omega-3 acids: olive and linseed oil, nuts, sea fish.
- The hormone of joy, serotonin, which is contained in black chocolate, will renew the interest in life and gain a sense of happiness, but there is much that can not (in the first months after childbirth, it is better to abstain altogether) so as not to cause an allergy in the baby , who is breastfeeding.
- Products containing tryptophan and L-phenylalanine: meat (turkey, beef, young chicken), eggs, tomatoes, bananas and pineapples, dates, unsalted varieties of hard cheese will help in the development of endorphins. In addition, you should:
- eat more fruits and vegetables - they have a lot of vitamins;
- more to eat foods that contain iodine, since many mothers are deficient in this element;
- Limit the use of coffee and strong tea;
- Limit the use of yeast baking and sugar;
- abandon bad habits (smoking, drinking energy and alcoholic beverages).
When to expect recovery of menstruation? The speed of recovery of menstruation depends on the hormonal background, and it is closely related to lactation:
- If the woman giving birth does not breast feed at all, the ovulation is restored in about 10-12 weeks after childbirth.
- If a woman lacks milk or for some reason the child is at birth on mixed food, then the recovery of menstruation should be expected for 3-4 months after childbirth.
- If the baby starts to be fed, the need for breast milk decreases, and in this case the menstrual cycle can be restored even before the end of the lactation period.
- If the child is only breastfed or receives a breast on demand, then the restoration of the monthly should be expected no earlier than 11-12 months after delivery, that is, about the end of the lactation period. However, even after the completion of breastfeeding to restore the hormonal background and the resumption of the menstrual cycle may need from 1-2 months to six months. Restoration of regular "critical days" indicates that the woman's body has already been hormonally reorganized.
With the onset of menstruation in the lactation period, so as not to harm the baby, it is not recommended to protect hormones from an unwanted pregnancy. After the completion of lactation, it is best to use combined oral contraceptives (COCs), which in their composition contain estradiol - a hormone identical to natural estrogen, which is produced by the ovaries of the female body.
You can not take hormone preparations on your own, but you can choose which medication to choose, the doctor-gynecologist will consult after appropriate consultations of the endocrinologist and mammologist, because all medicines are divided into groups, exerting certain actions on the body. Some of them are used in the treatment of mastopathy and serve to normalize the menstrual cycle or are used as a hormonal contraceptive. Others are used to restore the hormonal balance in the body of a woman, while improving her emotional state, well-being and even appearance. Most of these drugs are also contraceptives. However, when choosing a drug, you do not need to rely on the opinions and recommendations of friends or girlfriends (and even more so all kinds of forums), because every woman's body is individual, and what was recommended to your friend, you personally may not be suitable. Which of the drugs is needed for you - your doctor will decide, but it is possible that you can do without medication.
Unconventional method of normalizing the hormonal background.
Lithotherapists - specialists in the treatment of stones - argue that such stones as beryl, aventurine and hematite are able to normalize the hormonal background of a woman. We do not undertake to challenge or support this assertion, but the jewelry given to a woman from such stones will definitely please the young mummy, adding to her beauty, good mood, and, accordingly, this will have a beneficial effect on her health.