The described process of the release of the ovule from the follicle is ovulation. As you can guess, this moment does not last long, only a few seconds, well, with great stretch you can talk about minutes. A rupture of the follicle can occur at any moment during the "ovulatory" day. At the moment when the follicle burst, releasing the egg, ovulation has taken place, that is, it practically does not last. But the processes that precede this and subsequent processes can be described as an ovulatory period, the duration of which can vary for every woman.
The rupture of the ripened follicle is promoted by the luteinizing hormone, the level of which in women rises every time before ovulation and is absolutely interconnected with it. An increase in the concentration of LH in the blood or urine of a woman speaks of an approaching ovulation. This is based on tests for ovulation, which react to the presence of lyutenizing hormone. The entire process of maturation of the follicle takes approximately 16-32 hours. Many women have learned to feel the output of the egg: according to the sensations, they not only determine on what day ovulation took place, but also in what ovary ripening occurred. Among the subjective signs of ovulation, the most characteristic are a sharp cramping pain in the lower abdomen, an increase in vaginal discharge, an increase in sexual desire.
After ovulation, the egg lives 12-48 hours, retaining the ability to fertilize. Most sources indicate only the vital activity of the most important sexual cell. Spermatozoa are more tenacious, and can perform their main functions for several days, up to a week. Therefore, speaking about the most favorable period for conceiving a child, gynecologists have in mind a period beginning several days before ovulation and ending a few days after it.
The definition of ovulation is of great importance for couples planning a pregnancy. But specifically for a woman, this process is one of the indicators of her reproductive health.
Ovulation begins after puberty and lasts throughout the life of a woman until she enters postmenopause. During pregnancy, the maturation of eggs is blocked, fully recovering already within the first year after childbirth.
Regularly onset ovulation testifies to the normal gynecological health of a woman. Normally, within a year, several anovulatory cycles can occur in which the egg does not ripen. Occasionally, during one menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs twice. In general, it is very dependent on many factors: the state of the woman's health, her physical and emotional state, bad habits, taking medicines and so on. Ovulation on average falls on the middle of the menstrual cycle - 12-15 days from the start of the last menstruation. How to determine ovulation, you can read on our website. Knowing the duration and days on which the ovulatory period falls, you can significantly increase the chances of successful conception of the baby.
If ovulation does not occur regularly during several menstrual cycles in a row, then we can talk about violations in the functioning of the reproductive system of a woman. And, alas, without the help of specialists in this case, it will not be possible to get pregnant.