On the formation of lactation
This process takes place in several stages. First, in the mammary glands colostrum is formed, which is a thick yellowish liquid. It has a high nutritional value, has a pronounced immune activity. Colostrum begins to be produced during pregnancy, and after the birth of the baby provides it with biologically active substances during the first 3-5 days of life. During this period, the newborn's body experiences tremendous loads, because it adapts to the new environment. Colostrum is a valuable product that allows you to not load the digestive system with a large amount of food, and the kidneys and liver - the need to process and remove from the body unnecessary substances. Thus, the baby can save energy in the food process and consume energy efficiently.
Already on the 4-5th day in the breast begins to produce milk, which is called transient. Its composition changes gradually: the concentration of protein decreases, and the sugar and milk fat content increases, the amount of minerals normalizes. The transition stage is characterized by an increase in the volume of milk production. A woman feels it as a tide. The breast increases in size, engorges due to the filling of the milk ducts.
In the third week of the baby's life, the milk of his mother is already mature. Its composition is more stable. The output is regulated by the individual needs of crumbs. So it should be normal.
Peculiarities of feeding in the first days after birth
The quality of breastfeeding is largely determined by learning the skills of correctly applying the baby to the chest in the early days of his life. Ideally, the baby to the mother's breast should be attached within half an hour after his birth. This is very important, because it is sucking a crumb breast that starts the lactation process and helps the muscles of the uterus to shrink. At the breast of the child should be about 20 minutes. Together with the colostrum, the baby at this moment receives a strong energy boost, the first portion of the immune defense and substances that stimulate the growth of microflora in the intestine.
Yes, sometimes there are contraindications to the application of crumbs to the mother's breast immediately after childbirth. Such are the rhesus-conflict, the prematurity of the baby, the depression of its central nervous system. But these restrictions do not mean that lactation will be more difficult to adjust.
Already in the first days, Mom should tune into the mode of free feeding, that is, the child must be applied to the breast as often as it wants. It can be 10-12 times a day. At night, the application frequency is higher than during the day. As for the time of the baby's stay at the breast, then this is individual, but the duration of one feeding should not exceed 20-30 minutes. Too long sucking provokes irritation of the nipples and the appearance of cracks. If the baby is weakened, sucks languidly and often falls asleep at the mother's breast, then it is recommended that it be stirred. You can just stroke lightly on the cheek.
Breastfeeding experts advise women to apply the baby to both breasts before each full breast milk arrival in each feeding. This is what will stimulate lactation. Further, when the milk has already arrived, it is necessary to continue to act this way, and then to give only one breast for each feeding.
It is very important to master the technique of applying the baby to the chest. It will provide more effective emptying of the mammary glands. The correct grip of the baby's nipple is to prevent the appearance of cracks and prevent the crumb from swallowing air during sucking. Then the baby will suffer less from colic.
The baby should have a tummy to the mother's belly and eyes to the eyes. When properly seized, the lower lip of the toddler is turned outward, and the cheeks, nose and chin adhere tightly to the mammary gland. The child draws the nipple and areola, presses on them with the tongue and squeezes out the milk.
Chest before each feeding is not necessary to wash. Nursing mother enough to take a hygienic shower once or twice a day. If the iron has hardened and hurts, and milk arrives at a rapid pace, then it may be necessary to express. But in this case, you should always consult a doctor. And to avoid decanting and to establish a healthy lactation, it is necessary to apply the baby to the breast at least once every two hours. In order for the milk to come regularly and in sufficient volume, the mother should consume a lot of liquid.