How to distinguish between pregnancy and PMS

How to distinguish symptoms of PMS from pregnancy symptoms

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

So, the main cause of PMS doctors consider the imbalance of two female hormones: progesterone and estrogen. We will not delve into the causes of this imbalance, but first we will determine the signs of premenstrual syndrome. There are several:

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that is characteristic of a woman before the onset of menstruation, which is caused by hormonal failure in the body (a decrease in the level of progesterone). Often a woman can not distinguish between symptoms of PMS and the symptoms of an interesting situation. Let's see how they differ.

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

So, the main cause of PMS doctors consider the imbalance of two female hormones: progesterone and estrogen. We will not delve into the causes of this imbalance, but first we will determine the signs of premenstrual syndrome. There are several:

  1. Slight soreness and swelling of the mammary glands before menstruation.
  2. Pain in the lower abdomen, having a pulling character.
  3. Drawing pain in the lower back.
  4. Headaches and mood swings.
  5. Drowsiness.
  6. Tearfulness and irritability.
  7. Nausea and vomiting.
  8. The appearance of rashes on the skin, acne.
  9. Increased sensitivity to odors.

All of the above symptoms occur due to hormonal imbalance, and the severity of these symptoms for each woman is different. There are cases when 2-3 days before the onset of menstruation, a girl or woman suffers from all the symptoms at once, and in others PMS can manifest only with light short-term pains in the abdomen. In severe cases, women simply can not do without medical assistance. In such cases, doctors diagnose the presence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Its signs are destructive. This includes insomnia, panic attacks, depression, and thoughts of suicide. Such conditions are more characteristic of women who have experienced serious physical or psychological trauma.

Symptoms of early pregnancy

Signs of PMS are very similar to signs of pregnancy. After successful conception in the female body, the level of progesterone, the hormone necessary for maintaining pregnancy, increases. An increase in its level is also a hormonal imbalance. But the signs of the coming pregnancy are slightly different from PMS. Here they are:

  1. Swelling and tenderness of the chest.
  2. Mood swings.
  3. Fatigability and irritability.
  4. Morning sickness and vomiting.
  5. Change in food flavors. This refers to the craving for salt as the most common popular sign of the onset of an interesting situation. Less often, when pregnancy occurs, women are drawn to the sweet.
  6. Frequent urination. Increasing urination usually worries expectant mothers early in pregnancy and at the end. In the early term, this is caused by a changing metabolism. Kidneys activate their work, as they already remove the waste of two organisms.

How to determine the pregnancy?

As you can see, the first symptoms in both cases are similar. That's why many women find it difficult to understand what is happening to them. But to determine this, we must wait for the onset of menstruation. When pregnancy, it just does not come. Therefore at 2-3 days of a delay (if a cycle of the woman regular) it is possible to make the test for pregnancy. Another option is to take a blood test for chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). It is a hormone that appears in the body of a woman with the onset of pregnancy. And it should be noted, that the blood test more accurately, or rather 100%, will determine the presence of hCG. And the reliability of the tests is 99%. And besides, not all women can do this test correctly. Not everyone can afford to buy a quality test. That is, the delivery of a blood test for hCG will dispel all doubts and discard questions.

As for visiting a gynecologist as a way to discard doubts, a rare doctor can determine a pregnancy when examined on a small date. If you suspect a pregnancy, the gynecologist can simply send you to an ultrasound exam or offer blood donation for HCG.

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