The health of future parents begins with a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, one year before conception, it is necessary to end bad habits. Especially it concerns smoking of the future mother. Do not be fooled by the fact that reducing the number of smoked cigarettes per day is an improvement in the body. Nicotine, which has accumulated in it, is deduced not one month.
The mode and nature of food are also of great importance. If the future mother constantly sits on diets, limiting the intake of vitamins and minerals in the body, then it is necessary to rebuild and begin, first of all, with taking folic acid - a substance that will save the future fruit from possible anomalies of development. It is usually recommended to take it at 400 mcg during the period of preparation for conception and in the first trimester of pregnancy. If the family of the future mother or father had cases of the appearance of babies with spinal hernia, the dose of folic acid should be increased. Typically, this is 5 mg per day.
Full nutrition, the presence in the diet of fats, proteins, carbohydrates can conceive the child successfully on the first attempt.
Next, you should pay attention to the general state of your health. If the future dad and mother are aware of the presence of diseases in the body, for example, epilepsy, diabetes, asthma, then it is necessary to consult a doctor for an appropriate treatment regimen. And this must be done no later than three months before the planned pregnancy.
The most convenient way is to seek advice from a gynecologist, a medical center, where they will be given a referral for dispensary to women with chronic diseases.
The doctor should talk about the methods of contraception used by a couple, the stability of the menstrual cycle, possible miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies (if any), genetic diseases in the family, susceptibility to allergies.
A woman must be offered a swab for the cytology of the cervix. Since it is not recommended to do this during pregnancy, it is better to give it before conception.
You will also need to pass general tests of urine and blood. The first will make sure that there are no infections in the body that can cause miscarriages or other force majeure circumstances when the baby is born. The second is necessary to identify possible anemia.
The condition of blood pressure is also important, as women with hypertensive patients often have problems with the placenta, and hence, with the supply of the fetus with oxygen and all the necessary substances.
Most specialists in the planning of a woman's pregnancy are strongly advised to take tests for syphilis, AIDS, hepatitis B, chlamydia.
The blood test will help to find out if the future mother has immunity to rubella. If it is not, then you need to get vaccinated. Such manipulation is usually recommended one month before the planned conception. If the future parents in childhood did not suffer from chickenpox, then this disease should be vaccinated. A vaccine against hepatitis B and tetanus is done at the place of residence in a polyclinic.
Toxoplasmosis is a pathology that leads to serious fetal problems. Usually the infection gets into the body of a woman from cat feces or meat, which has undergone an inadequate culinary treatment. Therefore, it is worth to pass an analysis to identify immunity against toxoplasmosis.
Sometimes women before the planned pregnancy take medications that can be bought in a pharmacy without a prescription and which seem harmless at first glance. They can be prescribed even by beauticians, for example, for the treatment of acne. But some of them can be dangerous for the future fetus. And this should be discussed with a gynecologist.
If a man and a woman have bad heredity, then it's worth consulting a geneticist to protect the future child from possible risks.
Responsible attitude to the birth of a new life - a pledge of health, physiological birth and the peace of parents.