Types of hypoxia and its causes
Hypoxia is called pathology, in which the child in his mother's womb lacks oxygen. It can be of two types: acute and chronic. The latter is less dangerous and is more common. The causes of chronic hypoxia are pathologies and diseases of women, provoking deficiency of oxygen. For example, bronchial asthma, anemia, smoking. This addiction can have other serious consequences for the fetus.
Very rarely, pregnancy progresses smoothly and without pathologies. One of them is fetal hypoxia. This disease is characterized by approximately 10% of the number of pregnant women. What are the causes of its occurrence, signs and what to do to women who are diagnosed with it?
Types of hypoxia and its causes
Hypoxia is called pathology, in which a child in his mother's womb lacks oxygen. It can be of two types: acute and chronic. The latter is less dangerous and is more common. Causes of chronic hypoxia are pathologies and diseases of a woman provoking an oxygen deficiency. For example, bronchial asthma, anemia, smoking. This addiction can have other serious consequences for the fetus.
The diagnosis of "chronic hypoxia" is made by the doctor if the ultrasound reveals a delay in the development of the fetus in 2 or more weeks. Then a woman is offered a course of treatment in a hospital. As a rule, with this diagnosis, therapy is aimed at removing the tone of the uterus and, as a consequence, improving the placental circulation. Sometimes the doctor prescribes drugs that reduce blood density and thereby improve oxygen metabolism. The basis for successful treatment of a woman is peace, compliance with the regime of the day and eating foods rich in iron. Often pregnant and helps in the sanatorium.
With chronic hypoxia, the baby may lag behind in development and, after childbirth, be incapable of self-adaptation in an environment. Such children are nursed with the help of medical devices and equipment.
Much more dangerous for the fetus and the mother is acute hypoxia. With this diagnosis, the child can die very quickly. Acute hypoxia can occur in any trimester of pregnancy and during the birth itself. The cause of this type of hypoxia may be a tight cord with the umbilical cord, rupture of the uterus, placental abruption. In such situations, the pregnant woman is given an emergency cesarean section, because every minute is expensive.
Diagnosis of oxygen starvation of the fetus
Usually with the diagnosis of acute hypoxia, problems do not arise. But the presence of a chronic woman may not know if the doctor does not visit at the time and ultrasound at the recommended time does not pass.
There are three ways to diagnose chronic fetal hypoxia:
- Medical examination. A gynecologist with an obstetric stethoscope listens to the child's heartbeat and pays attention to its frequency (ES). The indicator below the accepted norm is a sign of fetal hypoxia.
- KTG. This study makes it possible to determine the heart rhythm of the fetus.
- Doppler. A study similar to ultrasound is performed to diagnose blood flow in the uterine arteries.
The pregnant woman herself is obliged to monitor the child's condition from the moment of the beginning of his movements. For a day this should occur up to 10 times. At the same time, an increase in the number of perturbations is less dangerous than their decrease. After all, the kid is activated for a lot of reasons, thus expressing his displeasure. But less children move, as a rule, because of oxygen deficiency.
Gymnastics against hypoxia
If there are no contraindications, the future mum may be assigned aquagymnia in combination with breathing exercises. During such exercises, the tone of the uterus and the whole body relaxes, the absorption by the fetus of oxygen increases. In combination with aquagymnastics, there is a decrease in the tone of the uterus, and the metabolic processes in the body of the child and the expectant mother are also intensified. The result of such regular gymnastics is a reduction in signs of fetal oxygen deficiency.
For the timely detection of hypoxia of the fetus, a pregnant woman needs to visit her doctor on time, to fulfill all of his appointments on time. We must not forget that intrauterine hypoxia of the fetus can have serious consequences, which in most cases can be avoided.