But when amniotic fluid becomes less or more than normal, doctors consider such a condition as a pathology that threatens the normal course of pregnancy and child development. Exceeding the permissible amount of water is called polyhydramnios, if it is insignificant, then it is a question of moderate polyhydramnios.
Future mothers such a diagnosis leads to a certain bewilderment: "moderate" means "dangerous" or closer to "safe"?
Why does moderate hydration occur during pregnancy?
The causes of the appearance of polyhydramnios during pregnancy, including moderate, may be a great many, and often they are idiopathic (almost a third of all cases), that is, they have an unsettled nature. Among other factors, the excess of the permissible volume of the amniotic fluid can be affected by:
- intrauterine infections;
- placental abnormalities;
- Rh-conflict between fetus and mother;
- various diseases of a woman (cardiovascular, renal, systemic);
- anatomical features (saddle-shaped uterus);
- various pathologies in the development of the fetus (underdevelopment of the gastrointestinal tract, defects of the central nervous system);
- genetic disorders and other pathologies;
- a large fruit;
- Multiple pregnancy.
How does moderate polyhydramnios appear during pregnancy?
Despite the fact that, that many women are diagnosed with this diagnosis already in the first trimester of pregnancy, they can talk about polyhydramnios only after the formation of the placenta, that is, after 16 weeks.
Moderate polyhydramnios are diagnosed, as a rule, during the passage of a pregnant woman with a planned ultrasound. It is often possible to suspect a deviation from the norm can the doctor during a full-time examination. Sometimes a woman feels the "tide" herself: the womb becomes edematous, the abdomen is elastic and taut, the "rolling" of water is heard when the body position changes, the baby shows excessive activity (after all, he has a place to swim!).
If there is a suspicion of polyhydramnios, the pregnant woman is sent for examination:
- examination of the gynecologist;
- cardiotocography (with confirmation of diagnosis).
A small tip: when you undergo a repeated ultrasound examination, do not admit to a specialist that you have been given moderate polyhydramnios. Often, this diagnosis is erroneous, much, for example, depends on the position of the child at the time of "inspection". It also happens that with pronounced polyhydramniosis, the uzist does not see any deviations from the norm.
What is the danger of moderate hydration in pregnancy?
Moderate polyhydramnios are not as dangerous as pronounced and especially acute. With moderate polyhydramnios, the volume of the amniotic fluid increases insignificantly and gradually, so there is time for observation and action.
However, inaction in this case can be quite dangerous. Even moderate polyhydramnios can cause weak labor, premature birth, retention, the development of malformations and pathologies in the child and even his intra-uterine fading. But mainly with further progression and lack of control over the situation!
Lovely moms, do not panic immediately if you are diagnosed with this, and read less horror stories. Quite often, moderate polyhydramnios during pregnancy is temporary and does not pose a threat to either the baby or his mother. The main thing is to pass the examination and keep the situation under medical supervision. If there is a need, you will be treated.
Everything will be fine! Moderate polyhydramnios are far from the worst of many complications of pregnancy. With such a diagnosis, women give birth to beautiful healthy babies!