A little anatomy
A bladder can be called a bag. It is very elastic and contains smooth muscles. In simple words, the bladder is the reservoir where urine is collected. From the bladder, the urine is excreted through the urethra. This is made possible by special muscles called sphincters, which are functionally related to the musculature of the bladder. When the muscles of the bladder begin to contract involuntarily, and the sphincters relax, the urine goes out. Together with her body leave the metabolic products.
Changes in the bladder during pregnancy
During the period of gestation, every woman, sooner or later, which occur in her genitourinary system and, in particular, the bladder. For example, in early pregnancy almost all have increased frequency of urination. It is so common that some people tend to attribute this symptom to the signs of a pregnancy that has occurred. Further, the woman also notes the increased frequency of urination. This is due to the fact that the growing uterus and the fetus in it press on the bladder. Also, a pregnant woman may have an accumulation of mucus in the bladder.
In addition, during pregnancy, a woman has changes in other organs related to the urinary system. This, in particular, kidney and ureter.
Oh, this cystitis. . .
Separately I would like to talk about such an unpleasant phenomenon as inflammation of the bladder. This disease is called cystitis. It is characterized by severe pain and cuts during urination, after which there is often a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder. A woman with cystitis feels frequent urge to urinate, but, having gone to the toilet, realizes that this is a false challenge.
As a rule, cystitis is caused by bacteria. In addition, inflammation of the bladder is possible as a result of damage to its inner shell. As an "aggressor" can act acute urinary stone, chemicals, and, as a result of medical manipulation, thermal and chemical burns. During pregnancy, cystitis can be both chronic and acute, that is, it is the first time that has arisen. If you do not take the necessary measures, the inflammation can go up, affect the ureters and kidneys, thereby creating a real threat to life as a fetus, and the woman who carries it.
Some measures must be taken to treat cystitis during pregnancy. For example, a woman will be prescribed peace (not only sexual, but with a complete ban on moving around the apartment). The next step is a special diet and taking medications (uroseptics, antispasmodics and, in especially severe cases, antibiotics). Pregnant should be very careful about their health, because in the early stages of the disease can be defeated with the help of grandmother's recipes: a warm bath, cranberry and cranberry morsels and so on. It is very important to protect yourself from hypothermia, not to provoke the occurrence and development of the disease. Do not forget that during pregnancy, not every medicine is shown to a woman, since it can adversely affect a child's health. For example, During pregnancy, sulfanilamide preparations or tetracyclines can not be taken. Therefore, it is very important not to engage in self-medication, but to turn to a competent specialist who will provide expert assistance in a short time.