But usually not every pregnant woman can figure out all the tests that doctors send her. Most mothers often do not know why this or that analysis is being carried out, what it means and in general is needed. One such "ambiguity" is the definition of the norm of the so-called RFMC, a soluble fibrin-monomer complex.
What is the use of RFMC for pregnancy?
When a woman is waiting for a child, it is clear that there are significant changes in her body. Almost all internal organs and systems try to "change" and adapt to a new physiological "statute". After all, now the body of a pregnant woman should work for two.
First of all, the future mother has another circle of blood circulation - utero-placental. Circulating blood becomes more, the process of its coagulation is activated. There is a kind of "reformatting" of the internal environment of the pregnant body. And all because the forces of the mother's body are directed to the preservation and development of the fetus.
Medical terminology calls this internal blood environment a homeostasis. This is a complex of reactions, which occur in the body and help prevent or stop bleeding. During pregnancy, it is homeostasis that shows whether the placenta functions normally and how the baby feels in the womb of the mother.
The blood supplies oxygen to the tissues and organs. And it is hemostasis that maintains blood in a normal human condition. As soon as one of the homeostasis reactions goes wrong, the whole chain is broken. As a consequence, blood vessels or blood clots may bleed excessively, because the entire blood clotting system is disrupted.
The most changes during pregnancy are homeostasis. This environment is responsible for maintaining blood in a liquid state, stopping bleeding, preventing thrombosis. Failures in the chain of homeostasis reactions can lead to disturbances in the circulatory system of the expectant mother. It all depends on the nature of these malfunctions: the blood can become either very fluid, or vice versa - too viscous.
If the pregnancy is normal, the process of blood coagulation is activated. This is a kind of "self-insurance" of the body in order to prevent large blood loss during childbirth.
Changes in the homeostasis of a pregnant woman causes exactly the appearance of another circle of blood circulation. All new processes lead to an increase in the so-called soluble fibrin-monomer complex (RNMC) in the body of a future mother. Fibrin monomers are in the blood of every person, but in women in the position their number may increase slightly. Therefore, doctors are sent to do the analysis in order to find out whether the level of RMMC is too high.
RFMC during pregnancy
RFMC is a very important indicator of the health of the mother. The results of the tests show whether pregnancy is normal, whether the fetus is developing properly, if there are any complications, etc.
The level of MRSK can increase periodically if the platelets in the mother's body are too active. Bloody "zhivchiki" can cause minor complications of blood circulation in the placenta. Fibrin-monomers basically exceed the permissible norm "not alone", but together with platelets. This means that the level of RFMK depends on a whole set of indicators in the body of a future mother. Therefore, in order to avoid complications in the future, physicians prescribe an analysis of the RFMK-norm.
The analysis is completely uncomplicated and quite intrepid. First of all, the future mother donates blood. Later in the laboratory, specialists add a special solution of o-phenanthroline to the blood plasma. After the reaction, it becomes clear how many fibrin grains appear in the plasma. Normally, they should be on average 3, 38-4 mg / 100 ml, with an upper limit of 5, 1 mg / 100 ml. If the fibrin monomers are much larger, this indicates a hyperactive blood clotting process. That is, the higher the level of RFMC, the greater the risk of intravascular thrombosis. And this is possible with such diseases as thrombophilia, thrombosis and DIC syndrome.
The rate of fibrin monomers may be below the acceptable limit. This happens when the mother takes heparin-containing medications. Consult a pregnant woman about RFMC should a doctor-therapist.
Therefore, if the analysis of the RFMC during pregnancy is slightly higher than normal, do not panic in any case! The concentration of fibrin-monomer complexes can increase even up to 9 in the third trimester - and this is perfectly normal. So the mother's organism reacts to the appearance of another circle of blood circulation.
The RFMK test is important, as it allows you to determine changes in the circulatory system of a woman, shows how the fetus develops. The analysis on the rate of fibrin monomers should be taken several times throughout the pregnancy.