Thyroid cells - the only ones in our body are able to extract the iodine obtained from food and create from it such important hormones. Breaking the thyroid gland can lead to the development of mentally handicapped children. Diseases of the thyroid gland are closely related to the possibility of a woman becoming pregnant and having a healthy child, and men becoming a father. The main role in this is performed by the hormonal background and the specificity of the processes in the body, which are triggered when it is disturbed.
Every woman who plans to have a baby, regardless of whether she has a suspicion of infertility or not, should examine the thyroid gland, the same applies to men. After all, the problem is that not always violations in the work of this body are noticeable, but manifest nonspecifically, as in many other diseases.
How does thyroid work affect the possibility of conception?
The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones, which contain iodine. Thyroid hormones are vital for normal growth and development of the body. Also they actively interact with sex hormones. In order for the reproductive system of men and women to work normally, it is necessary that the thyroid gland is not malfunctioning. If it generates too many hormones (thyrotoxicosis) or too little (hypothyroidism), it will affect the ability to conceive, both in men and in women.
Thyroid hormones and male infertility
Hormonal imbalance in the male body affects the amount of sperm produced and the quality of the sperm. Changes in the body can be different depending on the diagnosis. If the thyroid gland produces an excessive amount of hormones, which then enter the blood, then thyrotoxicosis is caused either by increased iodine content in food, or by nodes or inflammation in the thyroid gland. For its symptoms are characterized by: increased irritability, rapid heartbeat, weight loss, intolerance to high temperatures, muscle weakness, excessive sweating and trembling of the hands. If someone from your family had thyroid gland diseases, and you noticed a few of the above symptoms, then consult an endocrinologist.
Lack of iodine in the body is also a problem and causes disruptions in the thyroid gland. This disease is called hypothyroidism. When hypothyroidism slows down metabolism, reduces sexual desire (libido), erectile dysfunction begins. Spermatozoa become inactive, which can lead to infertility. If you quickly get tired, hard concentrate, you have a bad mood, you are cold, muscles and joints ache, you are abruptly gaining weight, eating, as usual, you are tormented by constipation, and the skin is dry, that is, meaning to check the condition of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid hormones and female infertility
Female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) constantly interact with thyroid hormones of the thyroid gland. At the same time, a normal process of egg formation and maturation takes place.
If there are abnormalities in the production of thyroid hormones (thyrotoxicosis or hypothyroidism), ovulation disorders, irregular menstruation, can result in the inability to conceive a child or to miscarriage and premature birth. In the case of increased production of hormones in the thyroid gland, they enter the bloodstream, and thyrotoxicosis develops. The most common cause of thyrotoxicosis in women of reproductive age is Graves' disease. When it forms antibodies that bind to the cells of the thyroid gland and force it to actively produce hormones. This reduces the likelihood of conception. A sharp decrease in body weight may also interfere with the onset of pregnancy. In women with hypothyroidism, the duration of the menstrual cycle increases. Sometimes it may even be absent or irregular. Simultaneously, the level of prolactin, a hormone that mutes ovulation, also increases. The risk of developing the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is increasing, and these cysts prevent the onset of pregnancy. Symptoms of thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism in both sexes are the same.
Treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland.
In thyrotoxicosis, three main methods of treatment are traditionally used:
- Thyrostatic therapy that relieves thyroid function without harming it.
- Therapy with radioactive iodine, in which cells of the thyroid gland are destroyed, the production of hormones stops.
- The operation to remove the thyroid gland.
Usually, after applying the last two techniques, a course of levothyroxine is prescribed to prevent the effect of the mirror and not cause hypothyroidism. A woman can become pregnant no earlier than 6 months after the treatment, and a man attempts to conceive only 4 months after the course. With proper treatment, menstrual cycle is restored in women, improves the quality of sperm and sexual function in men. If the main cause of thyroid dysfunction was iodine deficiency, then it will be necessary to take iodine-containing drugs.
Two methods are used to treat hypothyroidism, which allow to increase thyroid hormone levels to normal:
- Substitution of missing thyroid hormones by hormone replacement therapy;
- Recovery of thyroid function by computer reflexotherapy. Unfortunately, hormone therapy has a number of side effects: stress on the cardiovascular system (high blood pressure, angina pectoris, impaired cardiac rhythm); violation of the menstrual cycle; migraine; allergic reactions. The intake of levoteroxin in large doses (150-175 ?g) complicates the possibility of becoming pregnant and provoking miscarriages.
Computer reflexotherapy helps to restore autoimmune processes in the thyroid gland. Treatment is carried out by the action of an ultra-small direct current on a system of biologically active points, which are directly connected to the brain through the autonomic nervous system of a person. This is a comprehensive method of treating hypothyroidism without the use of hormonal drugs. The volume of working tissues of the thyroid gland is restored. She begins to produce the right amount of her own hormones. Hormonal therapy is canceled completely.
Based on the above, we can conclude that neglect the analysis of hormones of the thyroid gland with infertility can not. You have a chance to significantly reduce the time and money, curing the cause, if it is in this and is treatable, and become the parents of a healthy baby.