Chlamydia is a common and very unpleasant disease. Sexually transmitted and caused by microbes chlamydia, which are a "mixture" of viruses and bacteria. Chlamydia affects first the mucous membranes of the body, then enter the epic cells, and then into the cells of immunity. Naturally, the organism responds to such an introduction with inflammation, which in turn leads to a change in the structure of tissues when untimely or incorrect treatment occurs. The danger of the disease lies in the fact that it is asymptomatic for a long time, and only in the later stages there are discharges, pain can occur with urination.
According to some data, up to 10% of pregnant women face this infection. During pregnancy, the treatment of chlamydia is even more difficult, because you need to take care of the baby in the womb. If the chlamydial infection is not treated, then it can cause many complications, both during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. It is chlamydia that causes miscarriages, premature birth, undeveloped pregnancy, premature detachment of the placenta. Chlamydia also affects fetal development and is transmitted to the baby at birth. Chlamydial infection in newborns leads to otitis media, pneumonia, conjunctivitis.
Many doctors believe that clamidiosis during pregnancy should not be treated. In their opinion, the harm from drugs is much more dangerous for the fetus than the infection itself. Others strongly advise future mothers to take full responsibility for the treatment of chlamydial infection. However, it is better to do this in the second half of pregnancy, having established an accurate diagnosis.
Difficulties in the treatment of chlamydia are manifested in the fact that you should choose the most effective, but safe drug that does not affect the development of the fetus. In this regard, the course of treatment is minimized, the antibiotic is taken only a couple of days, mostly preferring drugs of local action.
It is known that in pregnancy, antibiotics from the tetracycline group are contraindicated because of the mass of side effects. More safe for pregnant women are the antibiotics of the macrolide group. However, you must understand that self-medication in this case is insanity. Only an experienced specialist will be able to choose a method of treatment that is safe for you. Usually chlamydia is treated in several ways:
- single dose of antibiotic highly sensitive to chlamydia;
- Long-term complex treatment, which includes antibiotics, immunomodulators, enzymes, vitamins.
The European treatment regimen looks like this: a single dose inside Azithromycin (1 g) or for one week 2 times a day Doxycycline (0, 1 g).
Safe preparations during pregnancy are Erythromycin, Ofloxacin, Amoxicillin, Josamycin.
Quite often, the drug Viferon is prescribed for the treatment of chlamydia. It has immunostimulating and anti-chlamydial action, but only in complex therapy stops the growth and spread of chlamydia.
Whatever is not advertised and safe drugs, almost all of them have contraindications and side effects. A pregnant woman should take special care with her health and, at the first suspicious symptoms, consult a doctor.
The course of treatment passes both sexual partners and for the whole period it is necessary to exclude unprotected sex, and also to observe with special care the measures of personal hygiene.
The best prevention of chlamydia is a regular visit to a gynecologist, special vigilance when choosing a sexual partner. And if you decide to give birth to a baby, then during pregnancy planning, you should definitely conduct a complete examination and cure the clamidiosis in advance if the diagnosis is confirmed.
Remember, any disease is easier to prevent than treat. If you still could not save yourself, then you should not be upset. Have enough patience and start treatment with all responsibility.
Health to you!