About how to be and what to do in this situation, we'll talk in this article.
What is conjunctivitis, its types and causes of development
Conjunctivitis is a whole group of diseases associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye.
There are 4 types of conjunctivitis:
In addition, depending on the condition and nature of the course of conjunctivitis, there may be:
The causes of inflammation of the mucous eye can be:
- virus infection or colds of viral origin,
- bacteriological infection, / li>
- ENT diseases,
- reaction (irritation) to the allergen (eg, cosmetics component),
- improper selection of contact lenses,
- non-compliance rules of hygiene (for example, use of someone else's glasses, handkerchief, towels),
- vitamin deficiency,
- external stimuli (such as wind, dust, smoke, etc.).
Because of the weakening of the immune system in pregnant women, conjunctivitis occurs quite often and often occurs with complications. The process of recovery is also slowed down by the fact that pregnant women are contraindicated with conventional (standard) medications recommended for the treatment of this disease. Bacterial and allergic conjunctivitis are eliminated quite quickly, and with the viral form of the disease, serious treatment may be required.
Diagnosis of the disease, the establishment of the cause and the determination of the method of treatment is performed by an ophthalmologist. After a thorough analysis of the blood and eye discharge of the patient, he prescribes adequate treatment. At the same time, future mothers need to remember that independent treatment - the taking of any medications (including hormonal and antihistamines) - is strictly prohibited!
Is conjunctivitis dangerous during pregnancy?
Future mothers are concerned about the risk of conjunctivitis in pregnancy.
Experts say that in general, this disease does not harm the fetus. However, the drugs that are used to treat it are absorbed, enter the bloodstream, and with it to the baby and, thus, have a negative impact on the intrauterine development of the child. In addition, infection of the baby is possible during childbirth, and infectious diseases of the eyes of newborns are extremely dangerous and poorly treatable.
The most dangerous conjunctivitis in pregnancy is Chlamydia, so it is important to determine the disease in a timely manner and immediately begin treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
Recognizing the infection is simple, with the following symptoms:
- irritation and redness of the eyes,
- a feeling of dryness or "sand" in the eye,
- increased sensitivity to light,
- pains in the eyeball, with blinking,
- purulent and mucous discharge (especially in the mornings).
Weakness is also possible, headache and fever.
If you have the first symptoms of the disease, you need to immediately consult a doctor without using any medications yourself, as most of them are contraindicated to future and lactating mothers.
The problem with the selection of drugs for treatment is desirable to solve even at the initial stages of the disease, in order to further prevent serious complications, both for the mother and the child.
How and what to treat conjunctivitis? First of all, regardless of the type of infection, try to observe the basics of hygiene:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap,
- Change the towel every day,
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- refuse the time of treatment for cosmetics,
- li> do not rub or scratch your eyes,
- it will be better to give up to contactless lenses and contact lenses (you need to look like glasses).
One of the symptoms of the disease is discomfort in the eyes. With this you can fight with the help of warm (with bacterial and viral conjunctivitis) or cool (with allergic) compresses. But further treatment should be under the close supervision of a doctor who will prescribe the drops and ointments necessary for this purpose.
Only a specialist - an ophthalmologist - should take care of the selection of medicines! Do not rely on the competence of neighbors, relatives or girlfriends. Even a pharmacist in a pharmacy can advise drugs of a general plan, but not all of them can be applied to future mothers, because they are unsafe for the very pregnant, and for her baby. Even taking prescribed drugs (for example, immunostimulants) you need to talk with your gynecologist.
It is not superfluous to drink a few courses of vitamins - this will allow the body in the future to independently fight the residual infection. An important role in the treatment of conjunctivitis in pregnant women is played by the following measures:
- daily 2-3 times washing of the mucous eye with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or furacilin, >
- with abundant discharge from the eyes, drops of sulfacin sodium or levomiticin are used,
- when the crusts are formed, immediately remove them and rinse with antiseptic solution
- when allergic origin of the disease should refrain from contact with the allergen (while respecting the rules of skin hygiene) and water,
- to increase immunity, increase the amount of vegetables, fruits and freshly squeezed juices in your diet.
- Antihistamines - Ketotifen, Allergodil, Azelastine, Levocabastine;
- Corticosteroids - Prenatsid, Maksideks;
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - Diclofenac;
- Local antibacterial drugs (with bacterial conjunctivitis) - Floscal, Tobrex;
- Artificial tear.
In the absence of positive dynamics (within a week or in some complicated cases) of therapy with topical preparations, oral medications can be prescribed.
- For the treatment of conjunctivitis, the usual treatment regimen is usually used in pregnant women:
- In case of a viral disease, local preparations containing tebofen, oxoline and immunostimulants (eg, Interferon). If the pathogen is the herpes virus, then additionally prescribed eye ointment Acyclovir.
- In case of bacterial disease - it is necessary to wash eyes with furacilin solution or 2% boric acid, treat with Tobrex drops and local antibiotics.
- In case of an allergic disease - first of all, determine and eliminate the stimulus and prescribe eye ointment Hydrocortisone, preparations Zirtek, Suprastin.
During pregnancy, conjunctivitis alone (including folk remedies) is not recommended, because even medicinal herbal preparations can have a negative effect on the state, both the mother and the fetus. So, for example, it is strictly forbidden to use any drugs inside.
If symptoms of the disease appear, you should immediately consult an ophthalmologist and coordinate with him the possibility of using some folk remedies-compresses, lotions and applications from herbal infusions (eg, sage, chamomile, marigold or dog rose). If the doctor allows such treatment, then at home you can prepare the following drugs:
- Aloe juice. Take a leaf of the plant, which is not less than 2-3 years old, squeeze out the juice from it and mix it with pure boiled water in the proportion 1:10. If you do not have a flower, you can use dried leaves - they are simply poured with boiling water and insist.
- Flowers of a cornflower. They brew in boiling water and insist 1-1, 5 hours, then filter and every hour washed with this infusion of the eye.
- Altai. 4 tbsp. l. dried root pour cool boiled water, cover and let it brew for 24 hours. If the drug is needed urgently, then you can prepare the drug in another way: 2 tbsp. l. inflorescences and leaves pour a glass of boiling water and let it brew for 30 minutes. The more often used infusions to wash the eyes, the faster will pass conjunctivitis.
- Rose petals. They are poured with boiling water - and after 30-40 minutes the infusion is already ready. Apply a means for washing the eyes, and before going to bed it can make 30-minute compresses. However, if pus and mucus are secreted from the eyes, you can not apply bandages to unclean eyes - this leads to repeated infection, and the cornea or other tissues of the eye may be infected. Therefore, first remove the crusts and excreta, and only after that you can make a compress.
It will be important to strengthen its immunity, replenishing the diet with fresh fruits and vegetables. In order to re-infection, observe the rules of personal hygiene, timely treat infectious diseases and inflammatory processes in the ENT organs, monitor the correct use of contact lenses and their care, take multivitamin complexes as prescribed by the doctor.