Inadvertent medics determine the spontaneous termination of pregnancy at any time - up to 37 weeks. In the early stages - until the 22nd week of pregnancy - talk about miscarriage, starting from 22 weeks and later, miscarriage implies premature birth. And, if in the first case, there is no hope for saving the child, then in the case of premature birth, there is still a chance to survive with the baby. The miscarriage of pregnancy in any case becomes for a couple who sincerely want to become parents, a real tragedy. But even more impact is the diagnosis of "habitual miscarriage", which is made if there are two or more cases of premature termination of pregnancy.
The problem of miscarriage of pregnancy doctors today are called one of the most relevant in obstetrics. The percentage of pregnant women who for one reason or another face it varies within the limits of 10-25%, with 80% of the total number of cases of miscarriage occurring in the first trimester. Moreover, often the pregnancy ends with miscarriage even before the woman has time to "recognize" the pregnancy, having discovered the delay of any other characteristic symptoms. In this case, when the body rejects the fertilized egg, which exits through the bleeding, the potential mother does not even realize that she was pregnant - explaining bleeding by the beginning of menstruation.
The reasons for miscarriage of pregnancy specialists bring a lot, one of the most common naming chromosomal or gene abnormalities of the fetus. Often, such anomalies and pathologies are formed even in the early stages of pregnancy - during the period when the main organs and fetal systems are laid. If, for some reason, a "failure" occurs during this process, the so-called rule of natural selection works - the body rejects the inferior fruit, leaving him no chance of survival.
Another no less rare reason for miscarriage are pathological and anatomical conditions of the woman's body. We are talking about pathologies of the genital organs, which can develop under the influence of infectious diseases, abortions, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, after the pathological births brought. Anatomical changes in the sexual organs (underdevelopment of the uterus, isthmic-church insufficiency, malformations of the uterus), inflammatory diseases of the cervix and vagina - all this leads to miscarriage and loss of the child.
Provoking miscarriage can and diseases such as heart disease, kidney problems, diabetes mellitus. Risk factors include hormonal abnormalities, and thyroid dysfunction. High risk of miscarriage and with the development of immunological problems - Rh-conflict, antiphospholipid syndrome. And, of course, we must not forget about the lifestyle of a woman who is preparing to become a mother: the toxic effects of nicotine, alcohol, certain drugs, malnutrition, and radiation exposure significantly increase the risk of premature termination of pregnancy.
Recognize miscarriage and the subsequent miscarriage (or premature termination of pregnancy) can be for a number of characteristic symptoms. Urgently apply for medical help in case of pains or spasms in the lower abdomen and back pain, weakness, vomiting, with bleeding and its intensification. To indicate a high risk of miscarriage may also vomit, fever. The danger of high fever is also that the fever does not necessarily provoke a visible miscarriage. Often, a prolonged high temperature leads to the fading of pregnancy - cessation of development and death of the fetus, which is one of the types of miscarriage.
It is diagnosed miscarriage at the doctor's office - through gynecological examination and during ultrasound. It happens that after a miscarriage in the uterus cavity remains of the fetus or placenta, in this case, you will need additional cleaning. Cleaning is carried out either mechanically (by scraping) or through certain medications (the cervix under their influence is opened, and the fetal remains are rejected). After a miscarriage, extensive medical examination is required. Ideally, it is necessary to pass his woman at the stage of pregnancy planning, which, by the way, in many ways helps reduce the risk of miscarriage. If necessary, a woman can be assigned appropriate treatment - to eliminate those conditions or diseases, which, perhaps, entailed miscarriage. The next pregnancy with the consent of the doctor is recommended not to be planned earlier than six months after the spontaneous termination of pregnancy: the body of a woman should be restored, and the psychological state should be adjusted.