A bit of theory
Varicosity refers to a gradually developing chronic disease characterized by an uneven increase in the diameter and length of the subcutaneous veins, their crimp, the formation of nodes in places of thinning of the venous wall. There are several factors that affect the development of the disease: congenital weakness of the muscles and walls of the veins; genetic predisposition; sedentary lifestyle; excess weight, smoking, chronic constipation; pregnancy. Future mothers are prone to this ailment because the increasing uterus compresses the veins of the small pelvis, and then the lower vena cava, thereby increasing intravenous pressure and preventing the outflow of blood.
Symptoms of the disease
Physicians distinguish three stages of varicose veins. At the compensation stage under the skin, you can see enlarged veins and varicose veins. There are complaints of increased fatigue and a feeling of heaviness in the legs.
At the stage of subcompensation for the development of varicose veins there are quite strong painful sensations. The feeling of heaviness and flare in the lower extremities are felt often, especially after a long load. In the affected leg, edema can form, which gradually descends in the prone position. Perhaps the occurrence of nocturnal cramps in the gastrocnemius muscles.
At the stage of decompensation, edema of the lower extremities is pronounced and only after a long rest. The venous nodules are significant, the enlarged veins are clearly visible under the skin, which becomes dry and light-headed. This stage is characterized by the appearance of trophic ulcers.
Late stages of varicose veins are dangerous in that they can cause such complications as acute thrombophlebitis - a varicose vein rupture with bleeding. This condition requires immediate surgeon intervention.
What to do for pregnant women with varicose legs?
For treatment of the disease at the initial stage and for its prevention, you can use curative gymnastics, phytotherapy. As a rule, such measures help to reduce the manifestation of convex veins and get rid of the feeling of heaviness in the legs.
Therapeutic gymnastics can improve venous and lymphatic outflow, it can be performed by pregnant women at any gestation period. However, before classes it is always better to consult a specialist. Exercises are quite simple: a bicycle; rolling his own weight from heel to toe; walking in place with high legs; scissors, etc. Such gymnastics can be held even at home. If you practice 10 minutes a day, then significantly improve the appearance of your legs and get rid of the painful sensations.
Future moms with varicose veins need to get a phlebologist consultation, which will prescribe an effective treatment. Typically, the doctor recommends that a pregnant woman wear special compression stockings or pantyhose of the necessary degree of support. Also, a doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory ointments that remove edema, improve blood microcirculation and prevent the formation of clots, in rare cases - drugs that restore venous circulation.
As for folk remedies, which are also allowed for use by pregnant women, they are used to prevent and treat initial forms of varicose veins. It can be lotions, compresses, ointments and baths based on plant extracts. In order to avoid negative reactions of the body to the components of home remedies, they should also be consulted with a phlebologist before using them.
All the best!