Vitamin C functions
Ascorbic acid is a strong preservative and antioxidant. It enriches all organs with glycogen, helps reduce the permeability of the walls of blood vessels, prevents the occurrence of allergies, regulates the work of the liver and pancreas. In addition, vitamin C catalyzes blood clotting and increases immunity, improving resistance to infections. That is why ascorbic is a part of those drugs that doctors use to treat many diseases, including infectious diseases.
It is extremely important for a pregnant woman to use vitamin C to support her immunity. After all, it is vulnerable to viruses and bacteria, which can cause great harm to the future baby.
The importance of this vitamin is to participate in the recovery reactions, the biosynthesis of connective tissue proteins, namely collagen and elastin. They are the backbone of cartilage and bones.
Vitamin C helps to neutralize toxins and toxic substances: arsenic, cyanide, lead and benzene compounds.
The role of vitamin C during childbearing is also in the fact that it prevents the appearance of stretch marks on the skin and varicose veins. The deficiency of ascorbic acid causes these problems.
Lack of vitamin C also leads to fragility of vessels, fragility of capillaries, and this is fraught with hemorrhages and bruises on the skin from the slightest bruise or stroke.
Ascorbic acid promotes the absorption of non-haem iron in the intestine. Usually, it is a deficiency in pregnancy. After all, iron is consumed by both the future mother and the baby. To avoid iron deficiency anemia, together with iron preparations, pregnant women are prescribed ascorbic acid. At the same time, nutritionists recommend using more greens, fresh fruits and vegetables.
The auxiliary function of ascorbic acid is also in its participation in the formation of forms of vitamin D, necessary for expectant mothers. The lack of vitamin C slows down this process.
Dosage of vitamin C during pregnancy
According to the rules, vitamin C should be taken in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy. Smoking women should be consumed before conception, since cigarettes cause irreparable harm to the health of the mother and the formation of the child. Usually doctors prescribe to women who smoke 80-90 mg of ascorbic acid per day for 2 or 3 months before the planned pregnancy.
During the gestation period, a woman should take 90-100 mg of vitamin C per day. This dose is sufficient for the healthy formation of the membranes of the fetal egg and the development of the placenta.
Sources of vitamin C
The main sources of this vitamin for a pregnant woman are fresh fruits, vegetables, berries and greens. Vitamin C saturated rosehip, black currant, red bell pepper, citrus. As for the use of the latter, it is necessary to consider the possibility of the onset of allergies when using these exotic fruits.
A good source of ascorbic acid is cabbage, even sauerkraut. Dried or canned fruit is almost devoid of vitamin C.
Let's give the content of ascorbic acid in specific products in milligrams per 100 grams:
- Sweet pepper - 250. Green onions - 35.
- White cabbage - 45.
- Sauerkraut - 20.
- Red tomatoes - 39.
- Spinach is 55.
- Black currant is 200.
- Rosehip is 150.
- Lemons are 40.
- Mandarins are 38.
So, ascorbic acid must be present in the diet of the future mother. Only a hundred grams of black currant, for example, can provide her with a daily need for this vitamin.